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Maoists launch pamphlet war against demonetisation

 

Maoists have launched a “pamphlet war” against Centre’s demonetisation move in left-wing-extremism affected districts of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh calling for “vigorous” mass movements against the decision.
The latest psychological-operation (Psyop) strategy of the Maoists came to fore when security forces deployed against the red terror in Balaghat district of MP, adjoining Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra, recently recovered a bundle of anti-demonetisation pamphlets in jungles along the state’s border with Chhattisgarh, police sources confided to Hindustan Times.
Police believe the pamphlets were left behind by the CPI (Maoist) cadres.
The one-page leaflet titled ‘Notebandi ka nirnay janta par sarkari hamla hai (Note-ban decision is government’s assault on people) is ostensibly published by the CPI (Maoists)’s Gondia-Rajnandgaon-Balaghat (GRB) divisional committee.
It said the Narendra Modi-led government’s November 8 decision to scrap banknotes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 denominations was “dictatorial move” that overnight unleashed terror on 125 crores Indians.
Mocking at the Prime Minister’s claim that the demonetisation struck a severe blow to Maoists, the pamphlet said it’s “revolution is the answer to the Brahminic Hindu-fascism fuelled capitalism of Modi.”
It claimed the demonetization was an attempt by the PM to revive his party’s sagging electoral fortunes ahead of UP assembly polls.
It said owing to the move small traders, daily-wage labourers, farmers and rural folks were under severe stress.
According to the Maoist propaganda flyer, the Modi government’s move was promoting corruption instead of weeding out black money.
“It has sprouted several new agents who are converting defunct currency with new notes for hefty commission,” read a pamphlet, adding most of these middlemen were BJP cadres.
The move also helped money lenders to further loot the poor farmers by lending money at high interest rates and given an opportunity to police to threaten innocent citizens, it said.
SP Balaghat Amit Sanghi said police was investigating the matter after being informed about the recovery of pamphlets.
He said the propaganda was the manifestation of Maoist groups’ frustration over failing to change bulk of its defunct currency to new notes through villagers, local businessmen and private contractors.
Meanwhile, a senior IT official in Bhopal said, “The department has no clear evidence of Maoists parking demonetised notes in Jan Dhan bank accounts. But at least 500 such zero balance accounts in different banks in MP and Chhattisgarh in which sums ranging between Rs 50,000 and Rs 3 lakh have been deposited since demonetisation are under its scanner.”
Maoist threat
Around 100 villages in 10 police stations in Balaghat are Maoist affected.
State police and central reserve police are deployed in anti-Maoist operations.
Three armed groups of CPI (Maoist) namely Darre Khasa Dalam, Tanda Dalam and Malajkhand Dalam are active in three Maoists affected districts of Gondia (Maharashtra), Balaghat (MP) and Rajnandgaon (Chhattisgarh).
On December 10, the Balaghat police had detained two men, including a grocery trader and a collection agent of a finance company, with Rs 15.40 lakh in new and lower-value currency.
Since demonetisation, the IT department teams in MP and Chhattisgarh have seized unexplained cash totaling around Rs 13 crores.
The seized cash includes over 3 crores in new Rs 500 and 2000 currency notes.
What does the pamphlet says
Demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes is akin to unleashing psychological and economic terror on ordinary people
Move aimed to benefit BJP cadres who have turned into agents converting defunct currency with new notes for hefty commission.
Demonetisation cannot check the Maoist movement as it’s against capitalism fuelled by Modi’s Brahminical Hindu Fascism.
Printing of Rs 2000 notes aimed at benefiting hoarders of black money.
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Neither and nobody can stop People’s War in India – neither and nobody can stop international support to people’s war in India – ICSPWI

Maoists go for total revamp

KOZHIKODE: The Maoist party structure in the Western Ghats Special Zonal Committee was revamped after two of its senior leaders fell to police bullets inside Nilambur forests on November 24.
A central committee member has been assigned to coordinate the committee’s four squads, a responsibility slain Maoist Kuppu Devaraj had been handling, according to sources.
The revamp was effected after police seized several documents pertaining to the party’s activities from the camp where the encounter took place.
Police had selectively leaked some of the documents, but Maoists claimed that many of them were already in the public domain. The leaked ‘training videos’ were motivational propaganda materials, they said.
The police were yet to release the minutes of the committee’s two meetings that contained information about the Maoist activities in the Western Ghats.

All the prosecutor accusation in the case of GN Saibaba based on “electronical proofs” and “confessions” of alleged “naxals” India –

 

The prosecutor in the case of G.N. Saibaba, Mr. Prashant Sathianathan, have completed the prosecution argument in the court of principal district and session Judge S S Shinde at Gadchiroli on Wednesday.

Based on some files found in his computer, GN Saibaba is accused of having operated under the name of “Prakash” as the deputy secretary of Revolutionary Democratic Front (RDF), an outfit of the CPI (Maoist), and that he was working on behalf of Naxals. “This would probably be the first case of its kind where the prosecution has been able to conclusively establish its case almost entirely with electronic data evidence,” said Prashant Sathianathan, Special Public Prosecutor.
“The police had seized computer hard disks, pendrives and a lot of other material from the Delhi residence of Saibaba where he was arrested in May 2014. Many of his communications have been addressed to top Naxal bosses with the alias of ‘Prakash’. The same hard disks also had documents written with his real name. Through forensic investigations, it is possible to track the original authorship of any document in a computer. So, we were clearly able to establish that the authorship of documents written in different names of ‘Prakash’ and ‘Saibaba’ was the same, that is, Saibaba’s,” said Sathianathan.
He cites documents written under the name ‘Saibaba’ like a letter written to his daughter’s school headmaster, a letter written to his employer college, a letter written to a Hyderabad institute. He cites also letters written by Prakash to CPI(m), where Prakash speaks about his handicap, his frustration in Delhi and his plea to work underground instead of doing managerial works of RDF. Sathianathan continued his accusation saying that “The finding of all these documents in the same personal computer belonging to Saibaba and the subsequent electronic tracking of the original authorship has proved beyond doubt that Saibaba was working on behalf of CPI (Maoists)”
The prosecution has also put on record confessions by two of the arrested alleged Naxal couriers, Pandu Narote and Mahesh Tirki, that they had been directed by Naxal leader Narmada to escort Hem Mishra, another alleged Naxal cadre, who was arrested from Aheri in Gadchiroli in September 2013 when he had come to meet Narmada with some encrypted messages allegedly given by Saibaba. “Narote and Tirki have also confessed to have carried Rs 5 lakh from Narmada to be handed over to some other persons from Delhi earlier on,” said Sathianathan.
Mishra’s arrest was followed by the arrest of another alleged Naxal cadre Prashant Rahi at least eight days later, finally leading to Saibaba’s arrest. “We were also able to establish the code identification used by Mishra and Rahi like newspaper, cap, umbrella and banana, all of which were actually seized when they were arrested,” said Sathianathan.
Sathianathan said, “Additionally, we have also produced audios and videos where Saibaba is heard denouncing the parliamentary system of democracy and prescribing Naxalbari as the only way out. The videos also show him supporting separatist demands in states like Kashmir and Nagaland and also the Tamil cause in Sri Lanka. He is also heard eulogising Naxal leader Kishanji…”

FORWARD THE NEW INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ACTIONS

ICSPWI calls to the all supporters of people’s war in India to continue the
prolonged campaign in a new international day of actions for 28 january 2017
please send  news about plans and actions for this day for info to all
mouvement and in India
csgpindia@gmail.com

A new open talk-meeting of ICSPWI is organised for
4th february 2016 in Italy – Bergamo – h.10-19
other sites for this talk-meeting were been proposed, but they are not
possible for organisative problems and other engagements –
the comrades and the solidarity groups that want to partecipate – logements
assured
write to csgpindia@gmail.com for receiving info for the place and contact
it is an open talk-meeting for invitation – no public – but all
comunications about it are open comunications

ITEMS
– breef report about the 2 days of actions 24 november and 28 december
– debate about a tour of democratic representative India in Europe – when,
where,repartition of expenses, etc
– international and internationalist demostration for 50th anniversary of
naxalbari’s revolt – date proposed 20 may 2017
We take the decision about the organisation of one demonstration in one
european country – or simultaneus demostrations in all european countries

it needs a representative partecipation in the open talk-meeting of 4th
february but in any case there will betaken the final decisions about these
items.

solidarity greetings

 ICSPWI
22 december 2016

Maoistsʹ network was spreading rapidly in urban areasʹ

The Indian police, in a bid, to suppress voices of dissent have always labeled activists as Maoists. Many organisations which are under the scanner have nothing to do with Maoists.
The head of Maharashtraʹs Anti-Naxal Operations (ANO) unit Mr.Shivaji Bodkhe on Monday said that the Maoistsʹ network was spreading rapidly in urban areas of the state and the Maoist movement was no more limited to Gadchiroli and Gondia district.
ʹThere is a perception that the Maoism is limited to only Gadchiroli and Gondia district of Maharashtra. Many in the police department also carry this perception. But this movement is not limited to tough and dense terrains of forest areas. It is spreading rapidly in urban areas through its frontal organizations. The police need to be alert and focus on these urban frontal originations,ʹ said Mr.Bodkhe, who is a Special Inspector General (IG) of Police of the ANO.
He was addressing the trainee policemen at the ANO unit at Surabardi here.
ʹThere are around 55 Maoist frontal organizations working in the urban area of Maharashtra. The government has already declared them frontal organizations. The Maoists have employed a double-pronged strategy of fighting guerrilla warfare in forest areas and to create unrest and dissatisfaction among the people against the government by the means of protests,ʹ the IG added.
He also claimed that the Maoists were carrying out ʹsecret propagandaʹ in Mumbai, Thane, Pune, Nadurbar, Dhule, Jalgaon and Nashik areas of the state.
ʹWe only know about the Maoist violence against the police in forest areas and their opposition to the developmental works. But their frontal originations have an altogether different modus operandi. Groups like Kabir Kala Manch are trying to attract workers and students and are trying to put them against the established system by teaching them about Marx, Lenin and Mao,ʹ claimed Mr.Bodhkhe.
The IG also called ʹBharat Jan Andolanʹ, a network of grassroots organizations founded by former IAS officer B.D.Sharma, a ʹMaoist frontal organizationʹ.
ʹIt is important to collect information about these groups and take some preventive action. Until now, the Maoists were trying to mislead people of the areas which lacked in the communication network, education, and development. Now they have shifted their focus on the urban area. We are marching towards development, but the Maoists want ʹchange of guardʹ in the country through these frontal organizations. It is the responsibility of the police to stop the youngsters who are getting attracted towards this movement, to tell them about the governmentʹs developmental initiatives and to also warn them of the danger of Maoism,ʹ stated Mr.Bodkhe.

WSS Statement on Demonetization

Wake up Call – There is no light at the end of demonetisation tunnel

Razia of Aligarh died on December 4. On the night of November 20 when she was rushed to the district hospital in a critical condition she told media persons that she took the extreme step after failing to exchange her old 500 rupee notes for days together “out of total helplessness as her four children had not eaten any thing for three days”.
The toll brought about by demonetization has now crossed 100. This includes old people unable to bear the strain of standing in queues, people denied treatment at hospitals, students unable to pay their fees – situations created due to demonetization and lack of available currency.
The sudden withdrawal of 86.4 per cent of the currency value in circulation without any preparedness and efforts to replace it with notes of lower denominations for daily transactions has resulted in unprecedented and continuing collapse of people’s earnings, purchasing power and economic chaos.
With the beginning of a new month, even the salaried middle class has been pushed into a critical position with no cash in hand.
The Hidden Agenda
Black money is generated by the present economic system. When he became Prime Minister, Modi had promised that he would bring back the black money piled in foreign accounts and deposit Rs 15 lakhs in the account of every Indian within a hundred days. Expectedly there is no effort on this front but he went on protecting corporate black money holders and even encouraging them to accumulate wealth by channelling their illegal money as FDI flows into India through the Mauritius route. It is officially recognized that most of the black money generated by the ruling regime is in Swiss banks and other tax havens and is double the size of our national income. Lion’s share of the remaining 20% is held in the form of real estate, land, gold, company shares, etc. by corporate billionaires like Ambani and Adani. While demonetization claims at cleansing the system of black money and corruption, Ministry of Finance has made it clear just about 6 per cent of the country’s unaccounted wealth is in currency notes.
In a stated bid to capture this tip of the iceberg Modi has made common people pay with their life and livelihood.
Contrary to Sanghi propaganda, it is not as if all this tumult is a sacrifice for a bigger cause. The aim of this move is to promote corporate capital. By this masterstroke, except the corporate elite and plastic money holders, all Indians including middle classes, small businessmen, the working class and lower and marginal sections of the peasantry, who need currency notes for their survival are badly hit. Small vendors, shopkeepers and hawkers are all losing business to those with card machines. Small shopkeepers have already downed their shutters and will be joined by intermediate and small capitalists, and that process will only accelerate the appropriations by the corporate class leading to a greater concentration of wealth..
Corporate houses will also gain from lowering of interest rates. In March 2015, India’s 10 most indebted corporate groups were holding Rs 7.3 lakh crores in bank debt. A drop in interest rates by a single percentage point would benefit these companies with Rs 7,300 crores this year alone. While crores of people cannot access their own money, banks and corporates will be utilising it in their own interests.
Banks which had lakhs of crores of none performing assets are now flush with ordinary people’s money. They are restricting withdrawals of ordinary people’s hard earned money and issuing mega loans to the large corporations. Little wonder that corporate criminals are flush with praise of Modi.
Instead of supplying the badly needed small denomination notes, the advance printing of Rs 2000 notes has been to appease corporate billionaires. Modi has also dared to freeze the hard-earned money of the peasants and common people in the cooperative banks, agricultural credit societies, housing societies and so on declaring them as having a high possibility for parking black money. In the process he stopped the flow of cash to agriculture at the start of sowing season. Half hearted attempts to allow seed purchase using old notes were also thought of two weeks down the line. In the first twety days the Banks serviced urban need for cash and supplied a bare Rs 350 per head to rural India.
By the end of November more than 11 out of the 14 lakh crores in old notes have come back into the system with another month to go for depositing old notes and it is clear that those with unaccounted stashes of cash have found ways to force them on their employees and farmers. Robust business continues in old currency notes that are likely to reach the banks before the month ends. Demonetisation has in fact fuelled black income generation. Discovery of new 2000 Rupee notes in almost every raid is a pointer to this. From the threat of charging 200% penalty on tax the Government came down to charging tax at the rate of 50% from defaulters.
That the ruling regime is in an unholy alliance with corporate billionaires and that this draconian move had their sanction is clear given the non-official members of the board of the RBI. They include Sudhir Mankad, who was the ex-chief secretary of Gujarat during 2005-2007 during Modi’s tenure, Natarajan Chandrasekaran, the MD & CEO of Tata Consultancy Services, Bharat Narotam Doshi the chairman of Mahindra & Mahindra and Nachiket Mor, Country Director for Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Thus the corporate giants were privy to the entire plan for at least one month before the Board of Governers of RBI met and recommended it though it was sprung as a surprise to people at large.
It has also been revealed that the BJP knew all about this move – and the state units of the party were frenziedly buying up land since some time before November 8. In West Bengal alone, the state party unit deposited Rs 3 crore in 500 and 1000 rupee denominations in the morning of November 8, hours before the PM’s announcement.
The Effect
In a country where 95 % of all transactions are done in cash, the catastrophic outcome of this cash squeeze has been a total devastation of all productive activities including agriculture, small scale industry, construction, retail trade, traditional rural employment and so on. Since 90% of the workforce in India or 440 million workers are engaged in the informal sector – and 96 % of female employment is in this sector – where most transactions are cash based, this move has been disastrous leading to numerous and arbitrary dismissal of workers, job cuts, denial of wages, payment of wages in invalid 500-1000 rupee notes, etc. Bereft of employment daily labourers and informal workers, have also lost their meagre savings. These workers are on the brink of starvation as they buy their rations on a daily or weekly basis.
While banks exchanged old notes for new till November 24, making the trip to a bank involved seeking permission from the employer, and often the loss of day’s wages. In villages, daily-wage workers are out of work or are not being paid on time as sowing is adversely affected. The women are often the last priority for employers, so they are suffering more. This may have a long-term impact on women. After November 24, with the declaration that old notes could only be exchanged at RBI counters, the situation has become even more precarious for working people, especially those living in remote areas where the news of demonetization and its implications had reached much later. There are countless reports of women and men living in conflict zones like Bastar being harassed by authorities who claim that they are trying to exchange not their own hard-earned money but money given to them by ‘insurgents’ and Maoists.
With the demonetization of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes, temporary jobs, especially in labour intensive sectors like garments, textile, leather and jewellery, have taken a hit. About 4 lakh people, comprising mostly daily wage workers, have either lost their job or snubbed work temporarily due to lack of payment, and the number is expected to keep going up. A fifth of the almost 32 million people employed in the textile and garment sector (who are paid wages either daily or weekly) have been hit. While some of them have already lost their jobs, many are apprehensive of such a fate. A majority of garment industry workers, especially in hubs like Tirupur, do not have a savings bank account as 70 per cent of them are migrant workers from the north and north eastern parts of the country. Similarly, 20-25 per cent of the roughly 2.5 lakh workers in the leather industry have been adversely affected as they are daily wage workers. The industry has been hit particularly hard as 90 per cent of the units are small and medium enterprises. In the jewellery sector, 15-20 per cent of workers, who are paid daily, too, have been affected. Tens of thousands of workers in the tea and jute industries, who are paid wages in cash are also hit hard by the currency crunch. The fate of 44 million construction workers who earn an honest wage from real estate sector that operates with cash cannot even be imagined. The spiralling effect of all this is not hard to understand.
Especially Women
The women are often the last priority for employers, the last to be hired and the first to be fired, so they are suffering more. This may have a long-term impact on women.
An estimated 80 per cent of women in India are outside the banking system. Across the country, crores of women have long been in the habit of saving little sums of money at home in cash. Women often put aside money without the knowledge of their husbands, building a nest egg for themselves and their children, and a safety net against emergencies. For those who are victims of abuse, it is a much needed safety net. This is no ‘black money’, but money earned through a great deal of hard work and sacrifice. This entire savings of women, a substantial part of which naturally was in 500 and 1000 rupee notes, suddenly became ‘invalid tender’ by the arrogant announcement of the prime minister. It not just left them with a cash crunch and a whole lot of useless notes, but may also have laid bare their secret saving strategies. Thus, the security of women and children and also a source of some self-confidence and self esteem in an oppressively patriarchal society, has been put in peril.
A step, purportedly aimed at combating the menace of black money, gave rise to a new breed of racketeers who leaped at the opportunity to ‘buy’ 500 and 1000 rupee notes off helpless women, people living in far flung villages outside easy reach of banks, tribal populations in remote rural areas, and others, at a steep discount!
As he demonetised the higher value currency Modi played on poor people’s emotions saying that now the rich would spend sleepless nights.
Very soon his tune changed and Modi exhorted Indians to bear the hardship for fifty days. This hardship applied only to common citizens because during this period mining baron Janardhan Reddy celebrated his daughter’s wedding, with a vulgar display of indisputably ill-gotten wealth – it was a Rs 500 crore do – and BJP bigwigs joined in the merrymaking. As the transport business reduces to a trickle, the transport Minister Gadkari transported thousands of guests for his daughter’s wedding by chartered flights. Congress leaders like Adur Prakash are joining the BJP in equal measure in such wedding revelries.
Though the Government claims that Janardan Reddy had no black money, the suicide note of the driver of the KAS officer who was forced to help in converting Rs 100 crore states otherwise.
Modi Government has lost no opportunity to brand people as criminals working for black money hoarders. Threats were issued to investigate Jan Dhan accounts if they showed a deposit of more than 50,000 rupees. Indelible ink was used to mark people who had exchanged a paltry sum of Rs 2000 that would not last most families for even a week by portraying that they were queuing up for their masters.
Only 20 per cent of the population is acquainted with “plastic money” or credit and debit cards, mobile and internet banking or other electronic money transfer facilities. The number of ATMs in the country is far from sufficient and they are distributed in a lop-sided manner biased heavily towards 13 states and metropolitan cities where more than half lie. While Russia has 184 ATMs per lakh population, India has only 18. How are villagers with persisting illiteracy, ignorance of internet, erratic power supply going to use plastic money? It should not be forgotten that the benefits of plastic money will be derived more by finance companies regardless of who pays their charges. When India is far behind the required infrastructure for a cashless economy, withdrawing bulk of the cash in use is nothing short of deliberate penalization of the masses, especially women. In fact the stress on cashless economy is no more than a ploy to cover up the ill managed demonetization.
A dismal future
The promise of a bright future for the have-nots of today has no more meaning than the electoral promises of Modi. The reality will be a spiralling depression because the government simply does not have the capacity to remonetize the system for months to come. Modi’s appeal to spare him for 50 days is just a means of postponing people’s anger. The sleepless nights of black money hoarders are not evident and they continue as before because raids by tax authorities do not just uncover old notes but bundles of new 2000 rupee notes. Lay offs, sleepless nights and endless wait for cash to buy food, medicines and other essentials are the changed reality of the masses.
It is not as if the workforce rendered useless will settle back to a normal life when adequate notes are printed. They will be pauperized and indebted in the coming months.
Those with the agenda to help the corporates have shown little understanding of the interlinkages in the economy. Their plans will also remain pipe dreams. Lack of demand is already manifest in the automobile industry that has curtailed production to half the working days and reduced the number of shifts.
Modi and his coterie are mouthing that there is Indians are supporting his move. The reality is otherwise. He is coercing the dissent by calling dissenters as being pro-black economy. Compliance is being forced – on 9th Decemeber the Institute of Chartered Accountants has issued a notification which says ” members are advised not to share /write any negative personal views by way of an article or interview on any platform regarding demonetisation ” In the past also government officials have warned dissenting voices in this matter.
WSS unequivocally condemns the Modi government’s demonetization drive as a brutal and massive corporate assault on the people which has affected the most vulnerable section of society. We appeal to women and the working people in general to resist this corporate onslaught and expose the true intentions of this far-right, anti-people, anti-women regime. We demand:
1) A white paper by the government on assessment of activities that have come to a standstill and the number of people adversely affected and on its actual plan vis-à-vis bringing the economy on track.
2) Urgent measures to tide over the cash crunch and special measures to alleviate the sufferings of the workers and farmers brought about by demonetisation by way of expeditious implementation of Food Security Act, enhanced allocation for MNREGA and employment guarantee for urban workers.
3) Retrieval of actual bank money from abroad and penalization of offenders.
4) No waiver on tax to make black money white
5) Fulfillment of electoral promise to deposit Rs 15 lakh in every account
6) Stop the call for ‘cashless economy’ and expeditiously print notes of smaller denominations.

Video shows more than 30 Tamils taking part in Maoist meeting

 

COIMBATORE: A video, purportedly that of a Maoists’ meeting in the forests along the Tamil Nadu – Kerala border, that took place before the encounter killing of two rebel leaders two weeks ago, has revealed that a few of the participants spoke Tamil.
One Maoist killed in the encounter was Kuppuraj, a Tamil from Krishnagiri district. The video, which reveals the increasing participation of Tamils in Maoist activities, has kept state police on their toes.
Q-branch officials confirmed that the video was shot two months ago. During the meeting they discussed setting up a second base at the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.
On November 25, Thunder Bolt team from Kerala police had encountered two Maoists, Kuppu alias Devaraj and Ajitha at Nilambur forest, while exchanging fire at Malappuram district.
The video shows Kuppu addressing other Maoists who possessed arms. He urged them to intensify armed protest at the tri-junction of the three states. Ajitha also addressed the cadres, and motivated them along similar lines. More than 30 people had participated in the meeting at the end of which they raised slogans in Tamil.
According to Q branch police sources, a dentist and two youths from Sathyamangalam and Pollachi are working for the CPI (Maoist). Another person from Ukkadam in Coimbatore has already obtained weapons training in Kerala. The dentist is still absconding while the others are under shadow watch.
According to sources, the Maoists are working in two groups. One group works mainly in urban areas, propagating their ideology and recruiting people while the other works mainly inside the forest and they are armed.

Q branch police sources said that initially, Maoists had established their base in Jharkhand. But the Union government had deployed lakhs of paramilitary forces to hunt them down. The CPI (Maoist), operates from Malnad region of Karnataka to Wayanad in Kerala. It is said that the Maoists had organised a politico-military campaign from November 2014 to January 2015 in the tri-junction area.
“They extended their area of operation from Mudhumalai to Bandipur by conducting a survey under the leadership of Naveen alias Jayanth alias JM Krishna, a CPI (Maoist) leader from Karnataka. Their ultimate aim is to form a ‘Red-Corridor’ from Kollur in Karnataka to Mudhumalai in Tamil Nadu, covering Kollur, Udupi, Sirungeri, Bethangadi, Kodagu, Madikeri, Subrmanya, Siradikavu, Wayanadu, Pandalur, Cherambadi, Nadukani, Nilambur, Kozhikode, Bhavani, Attapadi and Bandipur,” said a senior officer from the Q branch.
Jayanth alias JM Krishna was killed in March 2015 after he was trampled to death by a wild elephant.

Political Prisoners across states protest killing of Maoist leaders in Kerala

December 11, 2016

Press Release
Political Prisoners on Hunger Strike: Condemn the Killing of Maoist Leaders
On 24 November 2016, two Maoist leaders were killed by Kerala’s Thunderbolt
police in Nilambur forest area. Kuppu Devaraj, a senior member of the
Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), and Ajitha, a
woman leader of the group’s Karnataka wing were those killed. They do not
have any cases registered against them in Kerala state. However, the Kerala
Police preferred to kill them.
There is no doubt that CPI (Marxist) is in a hurry to prove their sincerity
and submission to central government led by Narendra Modi. The Kerala
government led by Pinarayi Vijayan of CPI (M) does not differ with the
central government’s doctrine of eliminating all tribal voices to serve
Mining Barons.
Beyond these killings, several hundreds of political workers leading tribal
struggles are kept without trial in several prisons across Kerala, Tamil
Nadu and Karnataka. These prisoners demand the government to:
• Stop all Political Killings in the name of Encounters
• File First Information Reports (FIR) against those officers involved and
book them for Murder
• Order a Judicial Investigation by a serving High court Judge
A Hunger Strike will be observed by all the political prisoners kept under
trial on Friday the 9th December 2016 in all prisons in South Indian States.
Statement issued by

Ms.Chandra and Kala, Women Prison, Trichy
Ms. Sayna, Women Prison, Coimbatore
Ms. Reena Joyce Mary, Women Prison, Vellore
Mr. Mahalingam, Vivek, Balamurugan, Central Prison, Madurai
Mr.Rupesh, Veeramani, Kannan, Anoop, Central Prison, Coimbatore
Mr.Sundaramurthy, Puzhal Central Prison, Chennai
Mr.Ranjit, Central Prison, Tirunelvely
Centre for Protection of Democratic Rights, Tamil Nadu

Still from Tunisia – university students supporting the International Campaign, national petition is circulating… Towards a prolonged campaigns!

loc-india-tunisia_001-2

 

In Sfax University:

In Gabes University, a day supporting Palestine and India political prisoners

A nationa appeal in french/arabic versions supporting political prisoners in India is circolating among political activists, intellectuals, democrats, artists, students etc with first signatures:

Le Comité de soutien pour la guerre populaire en Inde-Tunisie est né l’an dernier à l’initiative de quelques étudiants et professeurs d’université. Le comité est encore petit et jeune, mais entend apporter son apport à des campagnes internationales qui soutiennent les prisonniers politiques indiens et la révolution indienne comme le font d’autres comités semblables dans de nombreux pays tels que l’Italie, l’Allemagne, le Brésil, la France, l’Autriche, l’État Espagnol, Pays de Galles, l’Irlande, l’Angleterre, la Hollande, la Suède, la Norvège, le Canada, les États-Unis, l’Afghanistan et d’autres.

Nous exhortons tous les militants politiques et syndicaux, les intellectuels nationalistes et progressistes, les syndicats et les chômeurs, les militants actifs dans la lutte anti-impérialiste et pour la Palestine pour soutenir la cause de l’Inde et de la revolution indienne selon leur force et leur capacité donnant ainsi une contribution dans un développement créatif du Comité tunisien selon les conditions spécifiques de notre pays.

Commençons par la signature de cet appel:

Nous, les enseignants, les étudiants, les travailleurs, les intellectuels, les politiciens et les activistes sociaux soutenons la campagne internationale en cours pour la défense de Ajith et tous les prisonniers politiques détenus par le régime indien Hindu / fasciste Modi.

Dans notre pays, on sait très peu en Inde, et le peu qu’on sait sur la question provient d’une série télévisée très répandue dans notre pays qui déforme la réalité.

Malgré la grande distance qui sépare nos deux pays et la grande diversité entre eux, il y a quelques ressemblances …

En Tunisie, comme en Inde, il y a une démocratie (sur le point de vue formale), mais les militants politiques sont objects d’un pérsecution digne d’un Etat policier.

Les étudiants, les grévistes, les militants politiques sont arrêtés et emmenés à la maison juste exprimant leur dissidence verbalement ou sur les réseaux sociaux, comme est arrivé à Jamel Saghrouni dans la ville de Sidi Bouzid et bien d’autres avant lui.

Pour cela nous exprimons notre solidarité avec les organisations d’étudiants, démocratiques et révolutionners indiennes qui vont souffrir à son tour de la répression et le crimes de l’Etat indien quand ils les denoncent.

Récemment, dans notre pays, il y a eu des initiatives de solidarité envers un des prisonniers politiques dans le monde pour la cause palestinienne, George Ibrahim Abdallah, détenu en France depuis 33 ans.

Bien que dans notre pays les gens a à cœur la cause palestinienne, juste recemment on sait qui est George, à la meme fois il est vraiment important que vous commencez à savoir que même dans un pays comme l’Inde, il y a des combattants qui ont consacré leur vie entière à la lutte pour leur peuple et pour un monde meilleur, c’est pourquoi nous demandons la libération immédiate de Ajith et tous les prisonniers politiques indiens.

En fait l’Inde est plus proche du monde arabe qu’il n’y paraît, en effet, le régime indien dans sa guerre contre le mouvement maoïste, le soi-disant « Opération Green Hunt », il ne cesse pas de chercher une «solution définitive» pour écraser la révolution indienne et dans ça elle est soutenue par l’impérialisme, mais aussi par le sionisme. Au cours des dernières années, en fait, le gouvernement indien a renforcé sa coopération militaire avec Israël, et en particulier avec le Mossad, en prenant exemple de la pratique d’annihilation sélective des leaders patriotiques révolutionnaires en Palestine et en achetant quelques armes technologiquement avancées à donner à ses forces paramilitaires.

Désormais, la troisième phase de l’opération Green Hunt vise à faire terre brûlée autour du mouvement révolutionnaire, non seulement en touant les chefs de la révolution, mais aussi des paysans innocents et toutes les minorités comme les adivasis (tribaux) musulmans et chrétiens qui sont victimes de massacres menés par des groupes hindous fascistes pris en charge par le gouvernement.

Le dernier de ces massacres et des crimes par l’État indien contre le peuple a eu lieu à la fin de Octobre à Malkangiri dans Odisha où environ 30 entre les militants maoïstes, les paysans et les adivasis ont été interrogés, torturés et tués sur place par les paramilitaires indiens qui ont parlé d’une fusillade alors qu’en réalité il était un faux affrontement et un exécution de sang-froid!

En revanche, les agriculteurs pauvres dans les zones révolutionnaires peuvent enfin cultiver leurs terres et vivre de leur travail; le gouvernement indien lutte contre tout cela pour exploiter les ressources du pays, en alliance avec les grands propriétaires terriens indiens, ou essaie de vendre les terres aux entreprises multinationales.

Avec quelques différences, il arrive quelque chose de similaire également en Tunisie, où l’Etat attaque les expériences paysannes de l’auto-gestion directe de la terre comme l’oasis de Jemna (Kebili), en Dkhila et Chuiguie (Manouba) et Najeh (Meknassi, Sidi Bouzid), etc. en vendant les ressources du pays tels que les phosphates et le pétrole aux entreprises et aux multinationales étrangères alors que la majorité des jeunes de ce pays sont sans emploi et souvent beaucoup d’entre eux choisissent la voie du suicide tristement.

Contre tout cela, la lutte est la seule alternative pour un monde meilleur sans exploitation. C’est ce qui se passe en Inde avec la Guerre populaire dirigée par la PCI (m) et c’est la raison pour laquelle nous insistons avec vigueur:

Liberté pour Ajith et tous les prisonniers politiques indiens!

Assez avec les faux affrontements et les éxecutions ciblés de sang froid des révolutionnaires, les agriculteurs, les Adivasis comme celui de Malkangiri de ce mois-ci!

A bas le régime hindou / fasciste de Modi !

Vive la guerre populaire en Inde et le PCI (m) !

Pour signer contactez page facebook: Comité de Soutien à la Guerre Populaire en Inde-Tunisie

FIRST SIGNATURES:

Ridha Barkati: ecrivain-journalist

Taher Tahri: president de l’Association pour la Defense de l’Oasis de Jemna

Khaled Hmam: cinema, theatre et television actor

Marouane Adnen Meddeb: poet et realisateur à cinema

Haifa Bedoui: social and political activist – Unione General des Etudiantes Tunisiennes

Jihen Channa: political activist – Parti des Travailleurs

One more national appeal is circulating from the personal initiative of Ridha Barkati:

عريضة مساندة للمساجين السياسيين بالهند. نحن الممضين أسفله، نشطاء من مختلف الآفاق الفكرية والسياسية والثقافية، بعـــــــــد مواكبتنا لقضية واحات جمنة في إطار حملة الدعم الكامل واللامشروط لاسترجاع واحات جمنةبصفة مباشرة أو غير مباشرة، وإيمــــــــانا منّا بعدالة قضية الفلاحين وأصحاب الأرض الشرعيين باعتبار مبدإ الأرض لمن يفلحهاونظـــــــــرا للدعم الذي تلقته تجربة جمنة الرائدة من عديد الجهات في العالم، وانطــــــــلاقا من اعتقادنا بأنّ قضية الأرض والفلاحين هي واحدة في كافة البلدان وخاصة في المناطق الخاضعة لنهب الدوائر المالية العالمية والشركات المتعددة الجنسيات، وبعد اطلاعـــــنا على نضالات الفلاحين بالمناطق المحرومة في الهند وبولاية كاكوتاخاصة وتجاربهم الرائدة في تسيير شؤونهم الاقتصادية والاجتماعية انطلاقا من تصرفهم الجماعي في الأرض، وما تتعرض له هذه التجارب من حصار وتشويه وما يتعرّض له النشطاء الاجتماعيون والسياسيون من ضروب الاضطهاد والتعسف والمطاردة والمحاكمات الجائرة وصلت حدّ التصفيات الجسدية لبعض الرموز السياسيين، قإنّنـــــــــا، نعلــــــــن عن مساندتنا المبدئية واللامشروطة للمساجين السياسيين بالهند. نعبّـــــــــر عن تضامننا الكامل لفلاحي الهند بلكلّ الجهات التي تخض نضالات من أجل حقّهم المشروع في الأرض. ندعــــــــــو الرأي العام الوطني والعالمي إلى التعبير عن التضامن مع الفلاحين الفقراء من أجل حقّهم المشروع في الأرض ومساندة المساجين السياسيين في محنتهم. ندعــــــــو السلطات الهندية إلى إطلاق سراح كلّ المساجين السياسيين وتلبية مطالب الفلاحين الفقراء.

 

 

for Debate – One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: Kobad Ghandy on Demonetisation

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 [Kobad Ghandy is a political prisoner in Cherlapally Central Jail, Rangareddy District, Telangana.]

“Is India a weak state which punishes only the small and weak? The rich and well-connected wrongdoer is virtually going scot-free … No one wants to go after the rich and well-connected wrongdoer, which means they get away with even more. If we are to have strong sustainable growth, this culture of impunity should stop. (Indian Express 2016)”

What Raghuram Rajan, the ex-governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), said in January 2016 is strikingly relevant to what we see now with the demonetisation exercise.
The recent month has seen millions of poor and middle-class people, with no cash to buy food and medicines, standing in long queues to access their own money from the ATMs and banks, while the bigwigs of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) were celebrating a five-day wedding ceremony of an ex-BJP minister (also famous as the Bellary mining mafia chief) Janardhana Reddy’s daughter. Neither the Reddys nor his guests had any worry about converting their notes, though this function began barely four days after the demonetisation announcement.
In a country like India, where corruption seeps virtually into every crevice of society, fighting black money and its continuous generation should be a major task for any government. The stench of corruption not only harasses the common man at every step, it also prevents fruitful development, as even the smallest of projects get derailed with sometimes as much as 50% or more of the allocations swallowed by politicians, bureaucrats, middlemen and contractors. Social and welfare projects get subverted; one estimate states that barely 10 paise in every rupee reaches the affected people.
Without doubt, if India is to come out of its backwardness and excruciating levels of impoverishment, fighting black money and corruption is essential. But can demonetisation achieve this? Ferreting out the existing stock of black money cannot be a one-time act. An equally important task is the prevention of its regeneration in the future. Demonetisation does not even touch upon the second. On the contrary, printing higher denomination notes of ₹2,000 only facilitates further transactions in the black economy.
Cash Stock: Tip of the Iceberg
According to a report of the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) submitted to the finance minister in December 2013, black economy could constitute 75% of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) (Mehra 2014). This report was ignored by the then Finance Minister P Chidambaram, as also by the present government. The media has also blacked it out, choosing to quote the World Bank’s estimates of black economy at a mere 20%–30% of GDP. If we are unwilling to understand the scale of the problem, how are we to seriously tackle it? Those serious about fighting the black money should first make this report public. At 75% of GDP, ₹120 lakh crore of black income is being generated every year.
Compare this with the figure of ₹14.6 lakh crore existing in ₹500/₹1,000 notes, the main component of the black money stock. Even if we assume 50% of these notes comprise black money, that would mean a mere `7–`8 lakh crore, that is, just 7% of the total black income being generated. In fact, according to the economist, Swaminathan S Anklesaria Aiyar (2016),

“As a stock, probably not even 2% of historical black hoards are held in cash—almost all have been converted into gold, real estate, financial investments, some at home and much abroad… The overwhelming stock of black money has been laundered into white ages ago.”

In fact, according to the Global Financial Integrity, between 2004 and 2013, ₹3.3 lakh crore left the country each year. That would mean a gigantic stock of ₹40 lakh crore was siphoned abroad over these 12 years. Unofficial estimates put the total stock of illegal money abroad at ₹75 lakh crore. And not a paisa of this has been tapped by the BJP government that promised to bring this huge amount back home.
Not a single person named in the Panama Papers was taken to task. On the contrary, many were to flee the country with their ill-gotten wealth. These include the defaulter Vijay Mallya and lately, the meat exporter Moin Qureshi, Lalit Modi, and the two notorious arms dealers Sudhir Choudhrie and Vipin Khanna. Such defaulters with hoards of wealth siphoned off from our country are living palatial lives in the United Kingdom. Yet, when the British Prime Minister recently visited India, no serious attempt was made to get all these elements extradited to India, and their wealth abroad recovered in the interests of our country.
Even within India all the scams—2G, Coal, Commonwealth and numerous others—have met a quiet death, and honest officers heading departments have been shunted out. The present government went so far as to suppress documents recovered during the income tax raids on Sahara and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) raids on the Birla group which provided evidence of massive bribery by business groups to top politicians and bureaucrats.
Top bureaucrats have de facto supported corruption. The coal secretary, Anil Swarup, has gone on record saying that not politicians but the “5Cs”, that is, the Central Vigilance Commission, Central Information Commission, CBI, Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) and the courts, are inhibiting quick and effective decision-making and impeding the country’s development (Deshpande et al 2016). Another secretary in the economic ministry agreed: “there is this issue with the Prevention of Corruption Act. Basically, any decision you take benefits someone and may impact someone and just because that is the case you can be hounded” (Deshpande et al 2016).
Counterfeit Currency
As for fake notes, the amount of counterfeit currency seized between 2012 and 2015 was a measly ₹147 crore, that is,₹37 crore per year. A 2015 study by the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata on behalf of the National Investigation Agency estimated the fake currency in circulation to be just ₹400 crore, that is, a mere 0.022% of the total notes in circulation. The minister of state for home affairs reiterated this figure in a statement on 18 November 2016 and added that a mere ₹28 crore of fake notes were confiscated in 2016, and just ₹70 crore of fake currency notes were pumped into the economy every year. Even if the government claims that this figure is a hundred times larger (there are no accurate estimates), that would still not come to 1% of the total money demonetised.
This is hardly significant to cause damage to the small and medium industries, to the economy of retailers and wholesalers, to agriculture (inability to sell, produce and purchase seeds and fertilisers) and the millions of small vendors, traders, truckers, etc. This has already caused havoc for all, except the big business. Over and above, a huge amount has been expended by the government for printing and distributing the news notes—anything from ₹15,000 crore to ₹20,000 crore. Besides, if the accusations for the fake currencies are directed towards a government (Pakistan), it is naïve to think that they would not be able to duplicate the new notes.
Cashless Economy
Less than 50% of our households have access to a bank, over 60% of our economy is in the informal sector all of which is dependent on cash transactions. In a large country like India, barely 3 million people file income tax returns and two million pay tax. India has one of the highest cash to GDP ratios in the world, 12% compared to a world average of 4%. An estimated 78% of transactions in India are in cash compared with 20%–25% in industrialised countries.
As for the other reason cited, the move towards a cashless economy, calling on people to switch to internet banking only indicates how far our decision-makers are from the lives of the people. This Tughlaqian suggestion is like that of Marie Antoinette—when the queen was told that the people have no bread to eat she replied, “well give them cake.”
Untold Suffering and Chaos
What was even more criminal was that the government itself was not prepared to tackle the disruption caused in peoples’ lives by the overnight destruction of 86% of the total currency by value in circulation. Either they did not foresee the problems it would create or they could not care about the lives of the poor and middle classes.
The new ₹500 notes were not ready until five days after the demonetisation. With just the ₹2,000 notes being disbursed, and the lack of smaller notes in the market, people were unable to buy their daily needs of food and medicines. This decision stripped a person overnight of all their hard-earned money, of their purchasing power, without providing an alternative. The government had gone so far as to state that it will take 50 days to bring normalcy in peoples’ lives. Recently the finance minister has stated that it might take one or two quarters to bring back normalcy! Every second day, the government is changing the policies on how to exchange the notes depending on peoples’ reactions.
The extent of the callousness is unbelievable. Steps could have been taken to ease the pain. Well before the announcement, the RBI could have ensured that a large number of ₹100 notes were available and disbursed instead of the ₹2,000 notes, worthless for daily needs. The new notes could have been made in the same size and weight as the old notes (while changing their structure and colour) so that they could fit into the existing ATMs. The recalibration of ATMs, started only a week after the announcement, could take months. Simple steps before the announcement could have paved the way for a relatively smooth transfer. Yet, the decision to demonetise was taken with no proper preparation. It is estimated to take six months to replace all the notes.
This has, first, resulted in extensive damage to peoples’ lives, and second, a total disruption in the economy of the informal sector.
The queues at the banks and the ATMS are long and people have to stand for hours; very often the notes are over before their turn. The stress and tension for not having any cash for daily transactions have affected the sick and the elderly adversely and reports of deaths of people while standing in queues have come in from various regions. The bank employees are harassed, working long hours to meet the demand for disbursing new notes. Daily wage labourers could not find work as employers had no cash to pay them.
The supply chain of goods and services is disrupted, impacting production. Traders and retailers have been deprived overnight of funds to carry on their businesses, and the former can neither source goods after using up their existing stocks, nor can they pay for the transport of the goods to the market. Retailers cannot sell the goods since customers do not have money to buy them, and they can provide goods on credit to customers only up to a point since they need to pay their suppliers and cannot obtain enough new notes to do so. Normal banking activity is likely to be disrupted for months with banks being fully occupied in exchange transactions.
The kharif harvest is not yet fully marketed in many regions, and producers are unable to sell their crops owing to the shortage of the new money. Many are being offered drastically lower prices for their produce which runs the risk of damage in the coming days. Farmers cannot buy seeds and fertilisers for sowing rabi crops since there is no lower denomination or substitute money available in their nearest banks. Delayed sowing is bound to affect future output. Rural labourers and artisans are entirely dependent on purchase from the market and face great distress.
The worsening situation in urban areas has been extensively reported in the media—not only the wage-earning poor but the middle class too are adversely affected by the overnight artificial and extreme loss of purchasing power. Millions of working hours are being wasted by people standing in long queues at banks, and many are turned away eventually with the new cash running out. The country is being driven into an artificially created recession and the level of economic activity is declining. Ambit Capital estimates that India’s growth could slip to as low as 3.5% as a result of demonetisation compared to earlier projections of 6.8% (Hindu 2016).
References
Aiyar, Swaminathan S A (2016): “Less Black in Cash Means More in Gold,” Times of India, 13 November.
Deshpande, R and Sidhartha (2016): “ ‘5C’s’ also Hinder Decision-making: Coal Secy,” Times of India, 6 April.
Hindu (2016): “Demonetisation Could Halve GDP Growth to 3.5% in Current Fiscal,” Hindu, 19 November.
Indian Express (2016): “Raghuram Rajan: No One Wants To Go After Rich and Well-connected Wrongdoer,” Indian Express, 18 January.
Mehra, Puja (2014): “Black Economy Now Amounts To 75% of GDP,” Hindu, 4 August.

Important CPI (Maoist) documents

"Against Proposed Aerial Attacks on Adivasi Areas"

Red Homage to CPI(Maoist) Central Committee member Comrade Sridhar Srinivasan!

“The closure of three thousand schools and ashrams by the CG government is a symbol of the economic and academic bankruptcy and its anti people character”

“In Support of the Australian Indigenous Peoples’ Struggle Against Adani”

“Rise Against the Proposed Salva Judum-2 with the name Vikas Sangharsh Samithi (Committee to Struggle for Development)! — An appeal to the people, democrats, progressive intellectuals, writers, teachers, lawyers, media personnel, human rights organizations, adivasi, non-adivasi social organizations, sarv samaj, sarv adivasi samaj”

“A Call to the People to Fight Back the New Form of Salva Judum and the Supportive Organization of Greenhunt, Salva Judum-2”

“Boycott the Visit of Modi, the Prime Servant of CBB and MNCs to Chhattisgarh”

“Against the Family Planning Murders of Women”

“Condemn the Limitation on Buying Paddy”, in support of the peasant’s struggle

“Against Harrakoder Fake Encounter"

MIB Interview with Comrade Ganapathy: “Building on the new, unique and unprecedented achievements of the last decade, Indian revolution will certainly overcome the difficult situation to win newer, larger and more glorious victories”

Unite, Fight Back and Defeat ‘OGH—Third Phase’ of the Fascist Modi Government

Fight Back [against] the Anti-Working Class Amendments to Labour Laws by the NDA Goverment! Vikas model of Modi is Vinash for the people of India and Vistar for the imperialists and compradors!

CC Collected Statements: Volume 1 (September 2004 - February 2007)

CC Collected Statements: Volume 2 (March 2007 - July 2010)

CC Collected Statements: Volume 3 (August 2010 - August 2014)

Collected Interviews — September 2004 - August 2014

Message to the Milan International Conference in Solidarity with the People’s War in India

A Call to the People of India! Shatter the shackles of imperialism and feudalism, Destroy this rotten system! Build your future and that of the country with your own hands!

Statement in celebration of the 10th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) on September 21, 2004, issued by the Odisha State Committee of the CPI (Maoist) -Hindi

Pamphlet in celebration of the 10th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) on September 21, 2004, issued by the Odisha State Committee of the CPI (Maoist) -Hindi

Condemn the Invasion of Gaza and Massacre of Palestinians by Zionist Israel! Hail the Heroic National Liberation Struggle for Independent Palestine!

Pamphlet and in honor of Com. Barunda (Sushil Roy), put out by the Odisha State Committee of the CPI (Maoist) -Hindi

Jan Sangram Issue4 July 2014 -Hindi

CC CPI(Maoist) Statement on the Lok Sabha Election Results

Jan Sangram 2014 March - Special Election Boycott Issue -Hindi

Jan Sangram, 2014 Pamphlet On International Day Of Support -Hindi

Tongpal Ambush is the Consequence of White Terrorism of the Indian State in the name of Operation Green Hunt — ‘War on the People

Merger Declaration of the CPI(Maoist) and CPI(M-L)Naxalbari

Boycott the sham parliament & assembly elections!

Comrade Abhay Interview on General Elections — 2014

Condolence Message of the CC, CPI(Maoist) on the Demise of Comrade S. A. Rauf

The message for the International Conference in Hamburg by the Secretary, CPI(Maoist)

The Call of the CC, CPI(Maoist) to celebrate the 9° anniversary of the Party

On the PLGA Attack of May 25