THE NAXALBARI UPRISING
A new dawn was breaking…………..
Throughout 1966 itself the groundwork had been laid. In 1965/66 the ‘Siliguri Group’ [(of the newly formed CPI (M)] brought out as many as six cyclostyled leaflets calling for the immediate commencement of armed revolution. One of these leaflets gave a call to initiate partisan warfare in the Terai region within six months. Throughout 1966 revolutionaries organised peasant cells in every part of Siliguri sub-division; bow and arrows, and even a few rifles were gathered and liaison established with the Nepalese Maoists active just a few miles away. In late 1966 a Revolutionary Kisan meeting was organised in Siliguri. On March 3, 1967 the seeds of struggle began to sprout………. A group of peasants surrounded a plot of land in Naxalbari region; marking the boundaries with red flags, they began harvesting the crop.
Then….. the March 18 Convention was the signal for the peasant upsurge, which engulfed the entire area for four months. The U.F. government in West Bengal sought to diffuse the movement by announcing token land reforms. The revolutionary peasants replied to the revisionist rulers by setting up peasant committees to take over the land of the jotedars. Huge processions and demonstrations were organised by Kisan committee members, many of whom were armed with lathis, spears, bows and arrows. A sea of red flags struck terror into the hearts of the landlords and the countryside reverberated with the slogan “March forward along the path of armed peasant revolution.”
The first clash was ignited when a share-cropper, Bigul Kisan, was beaten by armed agents of a local jotedar. This was followed by violent clashes and the forcible seizure of land and confiscation of food grains, by armed units of the Kisan committee. Any resistance by the landlords and their gangs was smashed and a few killed. By end May the situation reached the level of an armed peasant uprising. The CPI (M) leaders, who were now in power, first tried to pacify the leaders of the movement……having failed, Jyoti Basu, the then home minister of West Bengal, ordered in the police. On 23rd May the peasantry retaliated killing an inspector at Jharugaon village. On May 25, in Naxalbari, the police went berserk killing nine women and children. In June the struggle intensified further, particularly in the areas of Naxalbari, Kharibari and Phansidewa. Firearms and ammunition were snatched from the jotedars by raiding their houses. People’s courts were established and judgments passed. The upheaval in the villages continued till July. The tea garden workers struck work a number of times in support of the peasants. Then on July 19, a large number of para-military forces were deployed in the region. In ruthless cordon and search operations, hundreds were beaten and over one thousand arrested. Some leaders like Jangal Santal were arrested, others like Charu Mazumdar went underground, yet others like Tribheni Kanu, Sobhan, Ali Gorkha Majhi and Tilka Majhi became martyrs. A few weeks later, Charu Mazumdar wrote “Hundreds of Naxalbaris are smoldering in India……. Naxalbari has not died and will never die.”
Naxalbari gets recognition
The Communist Party of China, then the centre for world revolution, hailed the uprising. On June 28, 1967 Radio Peking broadcast : “A phase of peasants’ armed struggle led by the revolutionaries of the Indian Communist Party has been set up in the countryside in Darjeeling district of West Bengal state of India. This is the front paw of the revolutionary armed struggle launched by the Indian people……”. Within a week, the July 5th edition of People’s Daily carried an article entitled ‘Spring Thunder over India’ which said : “A peal of spring thunder has crashed over the land of India. Revolutionary peasants in Darjeeling area have risen in rebellion. Under the leadership of a revolutionary group of the Indian Communist Party, a red area of rural revolutionary armed struggle has been established in India….. The Chinese people joyfully applaud this revolutionary storm of the Indian peasants in the Darjeeling area as do all the Marxist-Leninists and revolutionary people of the world.”
Meanwhile, revolutionaries in Calcutta, who had also been running a campaign against revisionism, took up a massive campaign in support of the Naxalbari uprising. The walls of college streets were plastered with posters saying : “Murderer Ajoy Mukherjee (the Chief minister) must resign.” The revolutionaries [still within the CPI (M)] held a meeting in Ram Mohan Library Hall in Calcutta and formed the ‘Naxalbari Peasants Struggle Aid Committee’, which was to become the nucleus of the Party of the future.
Simultaneous to the police action, the CPI (M) expelled a large number of their members. Sushital Roy Chowdhary, a member of the West Bengal state committee and editor of their Bengali party organ was expelled. So were other leading members like Ashim Chatterjee, Parimal Das Gupta, Asit Sen, Suniti Kumar Ghosh, Saroj Datta and Mahadev Mukherjee. The Darjeeling district committee and Siliguri sub-divisional committee were dissolved.
The spark of Naxalbari set aflame the fires of revolution in Srikakulam, Birbhum, Debra-Gopiballavpur, Mushahari and Lakhimpur-Kheri. The states of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, U.P and Tamil Nadu saw a big spurt in Naxalbari-inspired struggles and Maoist formations sprouted in nearly every state of India.
the talk meeting 17 november in Italy – after report, debate with all comrades of various countries that have parteciped – has taken three decisions:
– immediate launch of a prolonged campaign for the liberation of Ajith, Kobad Gandhi, all senior comrades and all political prisoners in the indian jails – this campaign must be realised in autonomous form by solidarity committes and individuals – this campaign has made with the objectiv to obtain results.
– invitation in Europe for indian intellectuals, teachers. democratic personality for meetings and seminars about indian situation – economic, social, Green Hunt Operation, Adivasi’s persecutions etc.
– building together of an international initiative for 50° anniversary of ‘spring thunder’ – naxalite revolt in spring 2017
Icspwi salutes the success of International action’s week in varius countries in the world.
It is important that many workers, youngs, women, people have directly partecipated with the spirit of international solidarity with political prisoners in the jails of the Indian Modi’s regime.
It is important that many maoist, revolutionary, antimperialist organisations have organised different kind of actions according to the conditions and the level of the possibility in every country.
A bulletin will be realised in this month with reports and infos..
The wind of this IAW arrives in India and the Indian people envolved in revolutionary struggle and in the the war’s people is incouraged in his epocal struggle for a New Democracy Revolution.
Now it needs that the initiatives continue particularly against Green Hunt and Aerial attacks against people.
In some Universities in Europe advances the ICSPWI proposal to invite Indian democratic representants of association and people’s organisation in the next months.
It needs in the same time to develop analisis of concret situation for preparing a new wave of the international support, for extending mass mobilitation against Indian regime and imperialist states that have strict relation with Indian regime.
It needs an antifascist and antimperialist alliance with all that are availables in this new wave.
For this a series of talks will be realized in the next weeks and months, particularly in Europe in june-july, in Latin America in october:
Other new proposals can be sent to ICSPWI that will send them to all solidarity mouvement.
Unconditional freedom for all political prisoners in India!
Stop Green Hunt, the war and aerial attacks on the people!
Support the People’s war in India!
From newspaper “el Pueblo”, unofficial translation
With the slogans “Stop Operation Green Hunt!”, “Stop aerial attacks and war on people!” we joint the International weel with these actions of proletarian internationalism.
In the Metropolitan University of Educational Sciences, UMCE was held a meeting in which we discussed about this struggle and its advances. We spoke about the conditions of India, imperialist oppression and how the people organized under the leadership of the revolutionaries (Naxalites) of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
At the Catholic University, a stronghold of compradors and landlords classe, democratic students spread information about this people and and caal to the event.
In Rancagua, Manque Radio, a community and libertarian radio realized a special program to inform about the situation in India, explaining how people dismissed all electoral illusions and joined the People’s War.
In addition a brochure by Indian professor Dr. Amit Bhattacharya in Jadavpur University based on his writing: India, Imperialist Domination and Revolution, was circulated. The latter exposes with scientific rigor the characteristics of domination and how the People’s War empower a model of genuine development for the Indian people.
Under the call of the International committee to support people’s war in India, we, Revolutionary Construction, participated in the international week of action. As an organisation with proletarian internationalist basis it is very important for us to connect our struggle in an imperialist country with the stuggles in oppressed countries, and to see them as an driving force for our own political work! Also austrian imperialism is involved in the oppression and exploitation, as well as in the support of counter-revolution, of the people in India. With posters, sprays, events and meetings wo popularized the demands of international commitee and we tried to spread the great stuggle of the indian masses, and its highest expression, the people’s war. Connected with theoretical debates of an important writing of Mao Zedong, we marked an important point in the campagne, the universal importance of people’s war, to also raise the consiousness of the progressive forces in Austria. Continue reading
The Support Committee for the People’s War in India-Tunisia took part in the International Week by making propaganda in revolutionary circles via an ad hoc poster. Support activities were held in Tunis. Continue reading
As part of the International Week of Support for the People’s War and for the revolutionary and democratic prisoners in India a series of events were held in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo by the Brazilian Center for Popular Solidarity (CEBRASPO).
On April Continue reading
As part of the week of action, organized by the International Committee to Support the People’s War in India, in solidarity with the New Democratic Revolution in India diverse propaganda actions took place in Berlin and North Rhine-Westphalia. Continue reading