Lo Slai cobas per il sindacato di classe aderisce alla campagna e invita lavoratori, organizzazioni sindacali, associazioni solidali con i prigionieri politici a parteciparvi
1° gennaio 2022 – aderiamo alla campagna nazionale e internazionale in tutte le forme possibili prepariamo una azione a sorpresa nei prossimi giorni all’ambasciata a Roma e al consolato India a Milano
Solidarietà con prigionieri politici in India!
Rilascio immediato di tutti coloro che sono stati illegalmente arrestati per il caso Bhima Koregaon!
Comitato Solidarietà India ha lanciato questa petizione anche in change.org e l’ha diretta a La Federazione Internazionale dei Diritti Umani (FIDH)
ambasciata indiana a roma, consolato India a Milano, Ministero degli esteri e Ministero della giustizia Italia, stampa nazionale
Fermare la repressione scatenata dal governo indiano!
Solidarietà con prigionieri politici in India!
Rilascio immediato di tutti coloro che sono stati illegalmente arrestati per il caso Bhima Koregaon!
Negli ultimi anni a livello internazionale è cresciuto in diversi paesi e nella stessa india un movimento di solidarietà per il rilascio incondizionato del leader del Fronte Democratico Rivoluzionario (RDF), Prof. Saibaba, per l’intellettuale Prof. Anand Teltumbde, per lo scrittore rivoluzionario Varavara Rao e i tanti altri attivisti ingiustamente imputati nel caso Bhima Koregaon (BK-16).
Il 5 luglio scorso c’è stato l’omicidio di Stato di padre Stan Swamy, uno degli accusati nell’infame montatura Bhima Koregaon, a cui sono state cinicamente negate le cure mediche di cui necessitava.
Alcuni prigionieri politici maoisti sono stati uccisi in custodia e tanti altri ancora sono stati torturati.
Quella di Bhima Koregaon e del presunto piano per uccidere Modi non è che una montatura nell’interesse dei politici Hindutwa al potere e per coprire i criminali fascisti al loro servizio.
Sentiamo come nostra responsabilità difendere tutti gli attivisti sociali e oppositori politici falsamente accusati e imprigionati. Il solo loro crimine è essersi battuti e continuare a battersi per la democrazia e per tutti gli oppressi: i dalit, le minoranze tribali e religiose, le donne.
Varavara Rao, ottantenne, è stato rilasciato su cauzione per motivi di salute, ma il tribunale non gli ha concesso di vivere insieme alla sua famiglia nella sua residenza. Non è che un modo per mantenerlo sotto un altro tipo di detenzione.
Gowtam Navlakha e Sudha Bharadwaj soffrono gravi problemi di salute e hanno chiesto la libertà su cauzione ma il tribunale si è pronunciato a favore della polizia e non gliel’ha concessa. Giuristi di tutto il paese e all’estero hanno criticato questa decisione definendola niente di meno di un insulto alla Costituzione indiana.
Negli ultimi 20 quasi 2000 persone sono state uccise in custodia dalla polizia in tutta l’India. Ma solo 26 poliziotti sono stati riconosciuti colpevoli di questi omicidi.
Da quando il giudice Agarwal ha rivelato il suo rapporto, accusando la polizia dei massacri di Sarkenguda e Edsametta, in Chhattisgarh, sono trascorsi anni senza che un solo poliziotto sia stato arrestato.
Il mondo intero, la stessa ONU, ha condannato l’omicidio di padre Stan Swamy ma il governo indiano non ha intrapreso alcuna azione nei confronti dei responsabili.
Il Presidente della Corte Suprema dell’India, L. V. Ramana, ha dichiarato apertamente che gli articoli della Sezione 124A (sulla sedizione) sono obsoleti e che gli organi legislativi devono abrogare quella norma. Ma i legislatori non se ne curano.
Grazie a queste leggi draconiane posso mettere dietro le sbarre tutte le voci che contestano e si oppongono ai governi. Gli accusati sono richiusi in cella di isolamento, dette Anda.
Molte organizzazioni giornalistiche, tra cui Press Club of India, Editors’ Guild of India, Press Association, Indian Women Press Corps e Delhi Union of Journals hanno condannato le accuse di sedizione mosse contro giornalisti e intellettuali e si stanno battendo per l’abrogazione della legge UAPA e simili.
A dicembre Ganatantrik Adhikar Suraksha Sangathan si è fatto avanti condannando il linciaggio del leader della “Unione degli studenti Asom” Animesh Bayan. La legge sui poteri speciali delle forze armate del 1958 è in vigore da decenni in Nagaland, Asom, Manipur e Arunachal Pradesh e negli ultimi decenni ha consentito omicidi, atrocità e torture impunite contro il popolo della regione per mano dell’esercito indiano.
Il 5 dicembre, 13 persone sono state uccise in uno sparatoria nel villaggio di Voting, distretto di Mone, in Nagaland. L’incidente ha innescato una nuova ondata di proteste e lotta per la revoca della legge.
In questa situazione, tutte le forze democratiche a livello internazionale devono mobilitarsi per la liberazione immediata e incondizionata di tutti gli imputati nel caso Bhima Koregaon e per l’archiviazione della montatura giudiziaria contro di loro, per la fine delle operazioni repressive contro ogni voce di dissenso, la liberazione dei prigionieri politici e l’abrogazione delle leggi draconiane che danno “legalità” alla caccia alle streghe!
disponibili testi, materiali foto video per ogni tipo di iniziativa
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)
December 18, 2021
Red Salutes to Member of the Central Committee
Martyr Comrade Chintanda!
Member of the Central Committee of CPI (Maoist) Comrade Narendra Sinh (Ashoda, Chintanda) laid down his life on the 6th January 2020 in a hospital in a town. He was suffering with illness for a long time and was in Coma since 2018. He was 74. He was the native of a village in the limits of Kesaria police station of East Champaran district in the state of Bihar in a middle class peasant family. He has a sister. He had his primary education in his village. His family shifted to Delhi where he had higher education in Jawaharlal Nehru University. He did his Doctorate on the Tharu tribal people living in Bihar-Nepal terai of the Himalayas. He did not marry.
After being granted a degree of high qualification he did not wish to take up any job. He took up work for the oppressed people to establish an exploitation-free society. During his education he was attracted towards Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. He studied it in detail. After finishing his education he started to work among the workers in Delhi. He was one of the founders of General Workers Union of Delhi. He organized the workers under this banner. During this time, in 1998-99 he came into contact with members of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC). He started to organize the peasants of villages as an activist of MCC. During his research he saw the horrible conditions of the Tharu and Uraon tribal, Dalit and landless peasants of West Champaran and was terribly moved. It is well known that the peasants of West Champaran not only face feudalism but also the dacoits. The people of the area are in terror and despair.
As soon as he went to the area he opened four schools by the name ‘Jan Shiksha Kendr’ (People’s Education centre) and started to impart education to the Dalit and tribal children. Apart from formal education the People’s Education Centres also imparted education about social change. Some of the students became part of class struggle.
At that time revolutionary work was going on with the perspective of establishing Base Area. He made efforts to build revolutionary movement among the people of the area. He developed mass base, formed the Krantikari Kisan Committee and guerilla squads. In the initial days of his revolutionary work an incident took place. Dacoits attacked the house of a minority adjacent to Sundarpur School. The men of the family were out at work at the time of the attack and two girls and the mother were there. The dacoits attempted sexual assault. The women cried out on seeing the dacoits. On hearing them Comrade Ashoda took a stick and went there along with his students and those present around. He shouted at them to stop. In that atmosphere the powerful voice of a red soldier and the resistance of the village people made the dacoits run out of fear. He brought the family the same night and gave shelter in the school for many days. The incident became a point of organisation and struggle for the people. This forest area of West Champaran developed into a guerilla zone. Land and arms were seized from the landlords, forest was protected, dacoits were chased away, there were attacks on the police and camps and arms were also seized from them. people stopped the cutting of forests by the landlords and the governments and protected them. They chased away the bandits. They made guerilla attacks on the police and police camps that are constantly indulging in attacks on the people.
When the North Bihar committee of the MCC was formed, Comrade Chintanda became part of it and when 3U (North Bihar-Uttar Pradesh-Uttarakhand) Special Area Committee was formed he was elected as a member of the Committee. When MCCI and CPI (ML) People’s War merged to form the CPI (Maoist) in 2004 he became a member of the Central Committee of the united party and subsequently became part of its North Regional Bureau (NRB). With the losses the NRB was dissolved and Comrade Chintanda continued to be a CCM until his last breath.
Comrade Chintanda was not only a good teacher of formal education but of Marxism. He took the responsibility of educating the cadres of the party. He taught to cadres of the areas of struggle on Marxist philosophy, Marxist economics and politics. His method of teaching was simple and natural. He explained complex things in a simple manner. He applied Marxism to practice and explained it through present examples. He had good hold in English and Hindi languages and also taught grammar of both the languages.
Comrade Chintanda was arrested three times in North Bihar, first in 2005 in North Bihar and the last in Kanpur of Uttar Pradesh in 2010. Each time he was arrested immediately after his release from jail. His arrest in Kanpur was very awful. He was tortured. It affected him physically and mentally. He suffered from mental shock three times due to the tortures by the police. In 2010 he lost one ear. He acquired Bone TB in prison. He had BP, Hernia and Piles. After his release in 2014 he could not take up any serious political responsibility. He gradually lost control on his body and mind. Oppression by the police and in jail deteriorated his body. He lost mental balance. In spite of treatment he could not recover and finally bid farewell to the world on 6th January 2020. We lost him forever.
Today Comrade Chintanda is no more among us. But we have his memory, ideals and his political work. His sacrifice, commitment and dare continue to inspire and guide all of us. His memory continues to make us feel strong.This is his magnificent and unforgettable memory.
After his release from Kanpur jail he came to Bihar-Jharkhand border area. There was an encounter with the Para-Military. They were firing and shelling but Comrade Chintanda was neither afraid nor disappointed. He was physically weak but his voice powerful. He courageously and heroically advanced in the battle. He enthused the PLGA fighters and attacked the enemy. He shouted ‘Comrades! Para-Military forces are not lions. The fighters of People’s Liberation Guerilla Army are live tigers and live long. Friends, advance and wipe them out’. The young fighters of PLGA took on the enemy with this inspiration and the Para-Military had to step back.
Comrade Chintanda was good at self-criticism. When he understood that he went wrong he was least hesitant to admit and rectify it. He followed strict discipline in his daily life. This continued inside the prison and until he went unconscious. Mental shock deprived him the ability of tireless reading, writing and speaking. He was good with his comrades.
Few quotes and lessons from his life
1. Comrade Chintan was born and brought up in an exploitive caste but stood on behalf of the oppressed workerpeasants and oppressed people of the tribal, Dalit, backward and toiling castes. He laid down his entire life for the sake of revolution. He never demonstrated the least character of oppressed caste. He was a Communist of good characteristics.
2. He had higher education in prestigious educational institution of the country. He could have been a Professor in any University. But he sacrificed a life of conveniences and became a Revolutionary Communist. He served the proletariat like a proletarian. His sacrifice and commitment are ideal and commendable.
3. He thought that nothing should come in the way to accomplish New Democratic Revolution in India. He stood steadfast in the arena of armed struggle until his last breath.
4. The lure for post and money is an enemy of revolution. He was conscious about them. He even sacrificed his hereditary property and lived like a proletarian in the Party and among the people. He sacrificed his house and family and considered his comrades as kith and kin. He laid down his life among them. In difficulty he approached comrades and not his family. He lived according to his conditions and objectives. He did not compromise to anyone outside the party.
5. We might not be alive but the world will change. Revolution need not necessarily be completed during our life time. But we have the responsibility to accomplish it and the future generation shall do the rest of the work. He imbibed this and implemented it all through his life.
6. He made true what Nigerian poet and theatre personality Bole Shoyenka said. When he was released from prison after two years Shoyenka said thus about the effect of his prison life – ‘What you believe before going to prison you believe even after release. But this belief would be stronger’. In spite of arrest three times and torture, he neither broke, surrender nor was afraid. He considered the secrecy of the Party more than his life. None of the states reported that there was any loss to the Party due to him. Each time after his release he became part of class struggle and people’s war with tempered determination.
7. He had a special feature in life such as, to sustain confidence in revolution and people in the utmost difficult conditions; stick steadfast to the official line of the Party; stay strong on class line-mass line and MLM.
Comrade Chintanda is a great teacher, popular speaker, educated academician and relentless activist. His proletarian characters made him a strong Communist and unwavering Marxist-Leninist-Maoist. The CC pays tearful homage to our comrade, co-warrior and teacher. We pledge to fulfill his work. We appeal to all the ranks of revolution to take lessons, initiative, determination and commitment from the life and relentless work of Comrade Chintanda. Transform the grief out of his martyrdom into strength, the tears into anger. Let us pledge again and again to fulfill the ideals of the martyrs,
‘Comrade we march forward holding the Red Flag
Your loss grieves us but we go on marching forward’.
Immediate campaign for political prisoners – please send info, texts, photos, video.
International meeting ICSPWI North Italy 29/30 january 2022, for European comrades participation in presence -logement guaranteed, for South and North American – Canada – Asia – Africa, send messages for membership – local committee formation – international proposals.
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ICSPWI announces International Meeting 29/30 january 2022 in North Italy
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)
16 December, 2021
Intensify the movement of International Solidarity for the release of Political Prisoners!
Condemn severely the draconian Acts of the Indian state!
Raise voice and fight for the withdrawal of Bhima Koregaon case!
Dear friends and comrades of Indian Revolution! We convey our gratitude and revolutionary greetings to the ongoing commendable movement and effort for the past more than 8 years in solidarity at the international plane for the release of political prisoners languishing in Indian jails. In conditions of intensifying imperialist financial, economic and political crisis, there is a rise in fascist attacks on the revolutionary people, leaders and activists of revolutionary, democratic, secular, patriotic, antiimperialist national movements. The Central Committee of our Party appeals to international friends and comrades of Indian Revolutionary movement, especially the organisation for solidarity to Indian People’s War to severely condemn the same and to fight in a much stronger manner for the release of the questioning voices imprisoned on several false accusations.
You have been building up the movement in solidarity for the past few years for the unconditional release of the leader of Revolutionary Democratic Front (RDF) Comrade Professor Saibaba, intellectual Professor Anand Teltumbde, Revolutionary Writer Comrade Varavara Rao and other activists falsely implicated in Bhima Koregaon case. You are aware that Father Stan Swamy one of the accused in the infamous case said to be ‘BK-16’ was murdered by the Hindutwa state on 5th July by depriving medical facilities. Comrade Milind Teltumbde, a member of our Central Committee laid down his warm blood for the sake of New Democratic Revolution of the country heroically fighting with the police in an encounter in Gadchiroli of Maharashtra on 13th November along with 26 other guerilla comrades. Comrade Milind was alleged to be the main person in the destruction in Bhima Koregaon and murder of Modi. The allegation was in the interests of Hindutwa rulers and to protect the evil fascists. The Hindutwa rulers are conspiring to murder the rest of the comrades too in the same manner. It is our responsibility to protect all of them. All of them are relentlessly fighting for democracy for the oppressed people of social communities such as the people of Dalit, tribal, religious minorities and women. Our Party appeals to put up firm fight to protect them from the conspiracies of the fascists by intensifying the people’s movement for their release.
Comrade Varavara Rao in his eighties was granted bail due to ill health but the court did not allow him to live together with his family in his residence. This is another kind of prison. Gowtam Navlakha and Sudha Bharadwaj are suffering from several problems of health and applied for bail. But the court agreed with the police and did not grant. Judicial experts of the country and other countries criticize it to be nothing but an insult to Indian Constitution. Our Party opines that the opinion of the court that the 17 false allegations on Anand Teltumbde in the charge sheet are correct is nothing but to support the police. This is unjust. In such conditions all the international democratic forces must take up struggle to unconditionally and immediately release all the senior citizens in the false case and to totally withdraw it. Our party demands the Indian judiciary to immediately arrest Hindutwa teacher Milind Ekbote and Anil Bhide initially registered accused in the case and investigate, to speed up the investigation and enquiry of Maharashtra SIT and release the facts and to rigorously punish the accused Hindutwa forces that attacked lakhs of people.
The Jharkhand police arrested a veteran leader of our Party Comrade Prashant Bose. He has been severely tortured in police custody and there is a false propaganda that he agreed to have been the main person behind the plan for Modi’s murder. The allegation on martyr comrade Milind Teltumbde until now has been diverted to Comrade Prashant Bose. Our party condemns this. The US digital analytical institution Arcenal of international recognition revealed with evidences that all the documents in the case have been introduced through malwares through digital surveillance despite which the Indian police are making great effort to make true a lie. Our CC appeals to the democratic and revolutionary forces of the world to fight for the immediate release of the veteran revolutionary Comrade Prashant Bose suffering with several health problems and to release all the cases foisted on him.
Nearly 1888 persons have been murdered in the police lockups in all the states in the country in the past 20 years. Only 26 ordinary police were identified guilty in these murders. Years passed without the arrest of a singly police man after Justice Agarwal revealed the report finding fault with the police in the massacres in Sarkenguda and Edsametta of Chhattisgarh. The whole world including the UNO condemned the murder of Father Stan Swamy but the Indian government did not take up any action on the accused. Chief Justice of India L.V.Ramana openly stated that Section 124A (Sedition) has become outdated and that the Legislative bodies must annul the Act. But the law makers are least bothered. The voices that question the state are put behind the bars in the name of these draconian laws. They are put in solitary Anda cell. Many journalist organisations such as the Press Club of India, The Editors’ Guild of India, Press Association, The Indian Women Press Corps, and The Delhi Union of journalists condemned the sedition on pro-people journalists and intellectuals and are fighting to withdraw the Act. In December Ganatantrik Adhikar Suraksha Sangathan came forward condemning the lynching of the leader of ‘All Asom Students’ Union’ Animesh Bayan. Armed Forces Special Powers Act-1958 had been being implemented for many decades in Nagaland, Asom, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh (in the jurisdiction of 8 police stations) for the past several decades that gave way for uncontrolled murders, atrocities and tortures of the people of the area by the Indian Army. On the 5th of December 13 people were killed in firing in Voting village in Mone district of Nagaland. This triggered another spate of struggle to withdraw the Act.
Indian state is becoming more and more fascist under the rule of Hindutwa forces. The CC of our Party appeals to the democrats, judicial experts, civil rights organisations of the world, especially friends and comrades of organisation for solidarity to Indian Revolutionary movement and the International League for People’s Struggles (ILPS) to fight with the demand to release all those implicated in Bhima Koregaon case and to annul the draconian Acts. It appeals to take up various programs together with Indian origin people in front of the Indian Embassies on the 1st January 2022.
The following is an interview with Comrade Abhay, the Spokesperson of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). The CPI (Maoist) is one of the largest and most successful communist parties in the world, being described as the Indian state’s biggest existential threat and having liberated vast swathes of the Indian countryside. This interview will discuss their history and their practice. libyajamahiriya.medium.com
Q: Could you please give us, in brief, a short historical background on the people’s war in India?
A: It is a good question; it will require a detailed description. I am presenting this. The history of CPI (Maoist) representing the two main Maoist streams in India, is deeply rooted in the resounding period of ’60s. It was the period during which the two outstanding and front-ranking leaders of our two streams–comrades Charu Majumdar and Kanhai Chatarjee — emerged on the scene in the course of applying MLM to the concrete conditions of India and by fighting, exposing and breaking from the age-old revisionism of the CPI
and CPI(M) brand. The great Naxalbari revolt led by comrade CM in May 1967 proved to be the clarion call of ‘Spring Thunder over India’.
The Naxalbari movement was suppressed by the government within a few months. But, it impacted Indian society greatly. Naxalbari type movements raised in Srikakulam of Andhrapradesh Mushahari of Bihar, Lakhimpur-keri of Utharpradesh, Bhirboom, Gopi vallabapoor, Kanksha, Budh Budh, Sonarpoor of west Bengal,Dharmapuri of Tamilnadu and Kerala.
Facing severe repression and due to tactical mistakes, the movement had been got into setback. After initial setback, we analyzed the positive and negative aspects of the Naxalbari movement. We made a ‘’self-critical review’’. It was a guideline to the movement, which re-emerged after the initial setback. Basing up on self-critical review we recognized the mistakes like left adventurist actions without Mass participations and view against mass organizations. These trends raised in the struggle against revisionism. The lessons, experiences got from the Naxalbari movement had been educated in the entire party and remoulded the rank and file. In 1980 CPI (ML) (People’s war) formed comprising Andhrapradesh, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, and Maharastra states. At the same time CPI (ML) (Party Unity) established in Bihar and Jharkhand. MCCI developed the movement in Kanksha and Sonarpoor of Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and some parts of North-Eastern area. These parties in the years of 1974–80 took class analysis and recognized Semi-colonial and Semi feudal relations of production in Indian society. Gave slogans like land to the tiller and political power to the revolutionary peasant committee. Mass organizations like revolutionary student unions, revolutionary youth front, revolutionary women’s committees and workers unions were established. Besides that, intellectuals, writers and artists were organized and mobilized in an effective method. Mass upsurge was raised under the leadership of these unions. They were famously known as Jagithyala peasant March in Andhrapradesh and armed agrarian mass upsurge in Jahanabad, Hazaribagh Gaya, Aurangabad in Bihar. Those movements get strengthened and extended to Jharkhand and Dandakaranya (Chattisgarh, Orissa some parts of Maharastra). In 1990, we held the conference of revolutionary peasant committee with 10 lakh people in Warangal of Andhra Pradesh. Besides the mass movements, armed squads were also formed as the embryo form of the people’s army. Presently the PLGA. Now we have platoons, companies and battalions. These are mainly concentrated in military front and also working in mas work production activities of people and political propaganda. Unity talks took place among these three parties since 1980 but not materialized due to some differences of political and ideological. In 1998 CPI (ML) (Party Unity) merged into CPI (ML) (People’s War). Basing upon the synthesis of all the positive points in the documents of two erstwhile parties, as well as their experiences in the course of waging the peoples war, fighting against revisionism and right and left opportunist trends in the Indian and international communist movement and building stable and consistent revolutionary movement in various parts our country. The Unity of CPI (ML) People’s War and MCCI had been took place in 2004. The result is the formation of CPI (Maoist). Thus the country wide revolutionary party has been established. We conducted a unity congress in 2007 successfully.
In the long history of our party, we encountered internal crises in 1985, 1992, 1997. We resolved these crises through discussions and ideological and political struggle in the form of democratic centralism with synthesis and conclusions in conferences and congress. Through this political struggle in the party, the leadership and cadre enriched with rich experiences and evolved as a strong leadership and achieved unity in the party.
It has been more than half a century since the Naxalbari Peasant Armed struggle. There are considerable changes in the economic, social, political, military, technical, cultural and other fields across the world. The loot of colonies and semi — colonies, the merging of Socialist markets in their economy or the LPG policies could not help the imperialists from economic crises like the Great Depression. The fundamental contradictions in the imperialist system intensified further. Regional wars/wars of occupation intensified among the imperialists for world hegemony, competition for redivision of markets, re-organizations and heavy allotments for military budgets. They collaborated in suppressing revolutionary movements and the just national liberation movements. They intensified exploitation and suppression of the working class and the people of the semi-colonial and colonial countries.
New Democratic Revolutions and National Liberation movements continued in semi-colonial and neo-colonial countries in spite of any number of ups and downs, fighting against the imperialist-sponsored counter-revolutionary Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) strategy.
This is the background of the ongoing Protracted People’s War in the leadership of CPI (Maoist) in India.
Q: Which stage is the people’s war in India in currently? Defensive, equilibrium or offensive?
A: The People’s War in India is presently in the stage of ‘Strategic Defensive’. Our Party understands that this would take a considerably long time to reach the next stage, given the particularities of the country and the overall situation of the world. The basic document of our Party ‘Strategy and Tactics of Indian Revolution’ says thus — ‘…Commencing the war with guerrilla warfare and then going through the forms of mobile and positional warfare will resolve the question of state power…
‘The experience of past victorious revolutions of other countries reveals the fact that in a protracted people’s war, the first stage will last longer. The stage of strategic stalemate and the stage of strategic offensive, which follow it, will end in a comparatively shorter time. However, changing into the second and third stages mainly depends on domestic and international situation…
‘…mobile warfare which possesses the elementary features of regular warfare, will have the ability to annihilate the enemy forces in a big way. By thus wiping out the enemy forces on a big scale, this will serve as a key to gain the upper-hand over the enemy and for transforming the war from the stage of strategic defensive to the stage of strategic stalemate or equilibrium and from the stage of strategic equilibrium to the stage of strategic counter-offensive…’
Our Party, the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) and the organs of United Front in its leadership are working in the respective sectors with this understanding, with a firm strategy and formulating tactics according to the existing political conditions.
Q: Since 2009, the Indian reactionary government has led a renewed offensive against the forces of the Indian Revolution. Could you explain to our readers more about the tactics used to suppress the people and how the Revolutionary Forces have been resisting Operation Green Hunt?
A: Firstly I wish to say that OGH stopped in its form in 2017 due to bitter resistance from the people under the leadership of the ‘Forum against War On People’ and solidarity from all over the world. In 2017 a new strategic offensive ‘SAMADHAN’ (S-Smart Leadership, A-Aggressive Leadership, MMotivation and Training, A–Actionable intelligence, D-Data base, H-Use of technology, A-Action plan for each scenario, N-No access to financing) has begun. I will explain in detail.
The Maoist People’s War has been facing repression in various forms since its inception in 1980s. Repression varied in stages and forms in various states and areas across the country. United Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhandwitnessed even murderous gangs. prior to 2009 September when the Indian state started the Operation Green Hunt, the party fought back the repressive measures including Salwa Judum (Collective Hunting) in Dandakaranya and Sendra (Pseudo Peace) in Jharkhand. Counter revolutionary gangs were organized under different names in different states and utilised in Counter guerrilla operations. After the defeat of Salwa Judum in Dandakaranya (Chhattisgarh) the SPOs (Special Police Officer) of the campaign were turned into Koya (Tribal) Commando force. Grameen Ekta Manch (Village Unity Forum), TPC, JJMP, JPC, Pahadi Cheetah, then JLT and now PLFI, SPM, Gram Raksha Dal (Village Defense Squad), Santi Sena (Peace Army) were formed in Bihar-Jharkhand after the defeat of Sendra, Nagarik Suraksha Samiti (Citizens Security Councel), Dalma Aanchalik Suraksha Samiti (Dalma Regeional Security Councel) , the Harmad Vahini of the social fascist CPM, the Bhairav Vahini of TMC, Maovadi Daman Sena (Maoist suppression force), Gan Pratirodh Committee (People’s Resistance Committee) in West Bung, Peace Committee in Odisha and other such counter revolutionary forces were propped. Then the state took up OGH (Operation Green Hunt).
OGH was launched at a time when the Central and the state governments started making umpteen number of MoUs with several foreign companies and imperialist MNCs. OGH was termed to be ‘war on the people’ by many. OGH clearly brought forth four main forms mentioned in the Counter-Insurgency Operations of the Low Intensity Conflict (LIC). They are — Rise in Armed forces, Informer and covert network, Reforms and Psychological warfare. Apart from this, there were fortification of police stations and camps, infrastructure like roads, mobile towers, railways and other such things that facilitated the state to unleash repressive measures.
The UPA-2 government formulated the counter revolutionary OGH more concretely and widely applying the LIC strategy and tactics with the direct intervention of the US intelligence organization FBI in order to facilitate the way for the exploitation of the domestic comprador bureaucratic corporate companies and foreign MNCs. Ban on our Party was extended and party was declared as a terrorist organization. This war first started in areas where our mass base and formations and strength was comparatively less. Operations were taken up in clear, hold, build and develop phases. Special Commando forces like COBRA (Combat Battalion for Resolute Action) in the Para-military Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Special Intelligence Bureau (SIB), Special Commando forces such as Greyhounds, STF, Black Panthers, SOG, SAP, DVF, Jaguar in various states. Carpet security was strengthened. The government is planning to construct hundreds of fortified police stations and camps. Roads, cell phone towers were taken up in a big way. Informer-covert network was strengthened. Counter guerrilla operations were intensified with the motive to face the guerrilla as a guerrilla. Roads, schools, hospitals and electricity were taken up in 34 districts in the name of ‘Integrated Action Plan’ (IAP) at a cost of Rs.13,742 crores in the leadership of the Central Planning Commission claiming development in Naxal influenced areas.
In the first phase of OGH large numbers of COBRA and other Para-military forces and Special Commando forces of the states were deployed. People were massacred in incidents such as Singaram, Palachelima, Gattapad, Endapad, Saatnar, Chinari, Vechapal, Gachampalli, Gompad, Rangayyagooda, Ongnar in Dandakaranya (DK), Taadko, Laadi, Badhaniya, Phulvariya-Kodasi, Gobardaha and other such by TPC, the killing of ten comrades on the border of Khagadiya-Munger by River Ganga through poison in Bihar-Jharkhand (BJ), in Khas jungle, Chikurdanga, Boyara, Chedabani, Bandarbani, Dooli (Ranja), Metla, Baarikool in Lalgarh in West Bung, Gunjivada and Narayanapatna in AOB, Padkipal in Odisha and other such incidents in a bid to end people’s struggles. There were large scale arrests, tortures, atrocities on women, burning of people’s houses and properties and other such destruction. There were attacks on PLGA.
In the first phase, the Party led PLGA, Revolutionary Mass Organisations, people, democrats to resist the enemy unitedly in the guerrilla zones and urban areas. There was protest to OGH in many countries of the world. Due to pressure from people’s resistance the central government started the drama of talks. The deception in the proposal for talks was revealed in the murder of Polit Bureau member Comrade Azad in a fake encounter and the arrests of other leaders. Our party faced considerable losses in this phase. But PLGA gave few blows to the enemy. In some areas we had to step back in the flush out operations of the enemy. The PLGA also took up few big attacks and gave severe blow to the enemy such as in Silda of West Bung in 2010 February on Eastern Frontier Rifles in which 24 policemen were wiped out. A company of the CRPF was eliminated in Mukaram-Tadimetla in DK in 2010 April. There are other incidents in which PLGA successfully fought back the encirclement of the enemy forces in Mamail of West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 2010 June in continuous several hours of battle, the retaliation of encirclement operation in Saranda of the same state in 2010 September and other such. The first phase of OGH ended in 2010 September.
The enemy forces were temporarily demoralized with these incidents. The state realized that Para-military forces are not enough to counter the Maoist movement and planned to deploy the Army and the Air Force. In the second phase of OGH the state took several measures to raise the morale of the armed forces. A Sub-area Command Headquarters was formed in Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh (most of the Dandakaranya Special Zone comprises districts of Chhattisgarh apart from Maharashtra) in 2010 May in the leadership of the Central Command of the Indian Army. In June the Cabinet committee of security affairs in the leadership of the Prime Minister approved the preparations for the deployment of Army in Chhattisgarh. It decided to deploy 60 thousand Army and Air Force in the Naxal influenced areas said to be the Red corridor. This apart the Indian Army planned to deploy eight Battalions of Rashtriya Rifles, a department of
counter insurgency of the Army in Chhattisgarh. In June the central government decided to form Unified Commands in four states and to appoint retired major general officers as advisers to these Commands and thus improve C4. Construction of 400 fortified police stations and camps were started on war footing to strengthen carpet security. 75 thousand personnel were recruited into the Para-military forces in a bid to eliminate the revolutionary movement. It was also decided to form 34 Indian Reserve Battalions and appoint 16 thousand SPOs in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The number in the camp/police stations was raised to 400–500. Intelligence was strengthened in CRPF and BSF. Unified Commands were formed in the guidance of Central Home Ministry for better coordination of the central and the state forces. Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) was formulated to facilitate cooperation from the local forces to the central forces. Appointment of SPOs was planned in a stricter manner. More secret counter revolutionary groups, forces, organisations and campaigns were consolidated and coordinated with the central and the state forces.
Fake reforms were intensified in the areas of the movement. IAP was extended to 82 districts. New surrender policies and rewards for leaders were announced. Large scale plans were made for roads and communication network. Informer-covert network was strengthened. So many counter insurgency training schools were increased. The state police forces and counter revolutionary gangs were imparted phase wise training and allowances and other facilities were provided. There were out of turn promotions, hike in compensation in case of loss of life in our PLGA attacks up to 28 lakh rupees per head from the central government apart from that of the state government.
Thus started the second phase of OGH with new strategy and tactics in 2011 that continued up to 2014 May. The Unified Commands were extended to all states that facilitated better coordination between the central and the state Preparations were intensified to deploy Army and Air Force in DK and BJ areas. Construction of large number of helipads and run ways were taken up. Construction of Air bases was taken up in Chhattisgarh, Vidarbha, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha for aerial attacks and support to ground forces.
There was large scale protest from democratic and civil rights organisations and also environmentalists to the proposal to deploy Army. The state temporarily held back the deployment of Army with the understanding that the Naxalite problem can be controlled without the Army with the help of Greyhound kind of Commando forces, keeping in view the experiences of Andhra Pradesh. However the government brought forth a scheme to permanently deploy the Army by allotting 750 sq. k.ms of land in Maad hills in Chhattisgarh. The area is the residence of one of the most primitive tribal communities, Mariah Gond (Local Tribal Community) that is becoming extinct.
During this period the mass base was decreased due to the several shortcomings, weaknesses in the party and the ceaseless enemy offensive on the party and the revolutionary movement. The state utilized our weaknesses and intensified attack. There was a rise in combing operations, neutralizing operations and flush out operations. As a part of OGH there were Operation Anaconda-1 and 2 in Saranda area of Jharkhand, Operation Octopus in Latehar district, Operation Thunder in Jhumra Upper Ghats of Bokaro district, Operation Marangdev in Palamu and Gadhava districts, Operation Sarvnash in Jamui and Banka districts, Operation Haka, Vijay and other such in Dandakaranya, several operations in Bihar, AOB, Odisha, Chhattisgarh-Odishaborder, West Bung, Telangana, Karnataka-Tamil Nadu-Kerala in the Western Ghats. In these operations the armed forces of the central and the state governments entered the interior areas and created losses to us. There were large scale arrests, tortures, atrocities on women and destruction of properties of the people. Seizing of properties of revolutionaries was one new way like in the colonial period. The prisons were filled with revolutionaries and people. There were around 20 massacres in Dandarkaranya, Jharkhand, AOB and Odisha. Counter-revolutionary gangs were further activated that worked separately or together with the police forces.
These attacks in the second phase also forced us to step back in some areas. In Jharkhand a fake development scheme ‘Saranda Action Plan’ was brought forth in Saranda area bordering the state of Odisha and there was a constant ill propaganda that the Maoists were totally eliminated in the area. As a part of Psy war, this was shown to be a great model and that such Action Plans would be unleashed in all the areas of the movement.
The central forces and the state forces were together engaged in heavy Area domination operations. The operation in the end of December 2013 is one such taken up in all the states of the revolutionary movement all over the country. Battalion and Brigade level forces are taking part in such attacks. These operations were aimed to give a blow to the strategic areas of the revolutionary movement, delink and dis-coordinate them, create many hurdles and unfavorable conditions for the PLGA forces in making guerrilla war and to defeat the fighting capacity of the PLGA. During this time the state could give us blows in information based attacks.
The time period of IAP was extended to three years and more funds were released in 2013. Another program of security for livelihood was introduced. ‘Roshini’ the scheme to provide jobs for youth was extended from 2 districts (Sukma in Chhattisgarh and West Singhbhum of Jharkhand) to 24 districts. Several schemes were introduced to distance the students and the youth from the movement. Fake surrender policy was developed. Weak elements of the party were subdued. Hundreds of villagers and militia members were shown to have been surrendered.
Coming to political attack, there was propaganda that — Socialism andCommunism are outdated; those cannot achieve success; revolutionary movement shall be totally smashed in 10 years; since you cannot win leave the movement and join the police; trying to turn them into informers and soon. It was also propagated that differences are existing in the party. There were attempts to divide the tribal and the non-tribal cadres, between those from AP and CG in DK, between those from Odisha and DK in Odisha, between Yadav and Ganjhu in Bihar and Jharkhand. As a result of this, we have incurred some losses.
The 4th meeting of the CC in 2013 assessed that the movement is in a difficult condition and formulated tactics to overcome the same.
There was slight improvement in the resistance of PLGA in 2012 and 2013 but not to the necessary extent. So large numbers of forces started penetrating the interior areas. Helicopters and drones were increasingly used. There was a rise in enemy offensive. Armed forces of the enemy started taking up Civic Action Program (CAP) to deceive the people. This kind of offensive went on for three and a half years but the constant guerrilla actions of PLGA forced the enemy to deploy more forces in our areas, to decentralize their forces in the broad areas. They could not deploy forces as per their wish in the vital areas. As a result we could contain the enemy offensive in the vital areas to an extent.
The third phase of OGH started from 2014 June. Hindutva fascist forces came to power in the leadership of Modi in 2014 May that gave more momentum to the enemy offensive on the revolutionary movement. All the Parliamentary parties in power including the revisionist CPI and the CPM in the centre and the states together formulated new schemes to eliminate the development of our party and the revolutionary movement which is an alternate force in the country. They started to implement imperialist sponsored reforms in a very aggressive manner. They increased Central Paramilitary forces and Reserve Battalions in the states. Local tribal youth were recruited into the Special police, Para-military forces and the Indian Army. 37 Indian/Special Indian Reserve Battalions were deployed apart from the already deployed 106 Para-military battalions (9 of them are COBRA battalions). And more were planned. 20 thousand police jobs were filled in Jharkhand. The ex-Maoists were recruited into the police forces. The CRPF deployed two Woman Commando batches with 35 each in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand Adivasi (meaning tribal) Pahadiya (meaning hill) Battalion was planned. The Bihar government recruited one thousand tribal women in the areas of the movement. Carpet security was strengthened and more police stations and camps were fortified. 400 police stations and camps were fortified in the areas of the movement. 16 police stations were fortified in the newly opened Tri-junction area constituting of three southern states. Battle field hospital was formed for the first time in Chintalnar of Sukma district. The police forces are imparted field training.
Crores of rupees were spent on intelligence network. Area domination, Long Range Patrolling and other such operations were taken up in the interior areas basing on information through the intelligence system. Inter-district, inter-state joint operations and the joint operations of the various police, military, Commando forces, SPOs, secret murderous gangs became a normal feature. Attacks on our guerrilla bases intensified. Helicopters were increasingly used and rehearsals made for night attacks. Leadership was targeted. Surveillance on mobile phones increased. A special Android mobile App was released together by the Anti-Naxal department, Infotech, Biotech Promotion Society (Chips) to strengthen intelligence in CG. This helped them to increase attacks, arrests and encounters in the areas of revolutionary movement.
Surrender policy helped the officers to secure money and ordinary people were forced to surrender. ‘Surrender for job’ was announced in a bid to demoralize the revolutionary people and well-wishers.
The enemy took hold of an area that became weak and took up build operations. The government machinery is rebuilt and made permanent so as to see that revolutionary movement does not strengthen again. Roads, Communications, electricity, irrigation are set up to facilitate the loot of resources. Schools, community buildings, Anganwadis and health centres are paid attention to help the camps. A policy to provide road contracts for local people was taken up with the evil plan at the cost of Rs. 2 crores in the name of employment for the youth. Youth are mobilized in the name of training in various skills and job and developed for intelligence. The Kerala government started another new scheme to distribute food material at Rs.100 per person.
Action Plans in the lines of ‘Saranda Action Plan’ was taken up in other parts of Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Gadchiroli of Maharashtra. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) program was taken up by the MNC-Corporate enterprises and Companies to dissipate the anger of the people towards exploitation and oppression. An amount of around Rs.800 crores was spent on reforms in the areas of the movement. Tourism was encouraged.
Any kind of protest and resistance is curbed. Intellectuals, democrats and social activists are propagated to be utmost dangerous than the PLGA forces. In a bid to delink the urban and the rural movement, many were branded ‘Maoist’ in the urban network and foisted with ‘UAPA’ (Unlawful Activities Prevention Act) and sedition. Army officers have been guiding the counter insurgency operations taken up by the police and the Para-military forces. Counter-terrorism jungle warfare schools were increased and thousands of police and Para-military forces were imparted training. The US Consulate officers visited the areas of the revolutionary movement and jungle warfare schools and held discussions with the central and the state governments.
Mission-2016 and Mission-2017 were adopted in the respective years. We intensified our political, military and organisational effort all over the country and could contain them to an extent. The People’s War-Guerrilla War that resisted the counter revolutionary war of the exploitive ruling classes is vital among them. We also took up people’s struggles on the daily and fundamental problems. We enhanced the activities of united activity, intensified-widened anti-displacement struggles and all these contributed a lot in fighting back the enemy offensive. On the other hand the party took up Leadership Training Programs (LTP) and Military Leadership Training Programs (MLTP) and imparted political and military training to all levels of leadership forces. It took up investigation into the changing social conditions due to the revolutionary movement, agrarian revolutionary programs and revolutionary reforms. We achieved some results.
There was a rise in the intensity and spread of guerrilla war actions all over the country in 2017. But we also lost subjective forces of the Party, PLGA and organs of the people in intense enemy attacks such as in Ramguda in 2016 October. The enemy also seized considerable number of arms and ammunition. However OGH could not achieve its target.
In 2017 April there was an ambush on the armed forces in Burkapal. This shook the ruling classes. A high level meeting was called on 8th May that formulated ‘SAMADHAN’, a new counter revolutionary plan — strategy and tactics to eliminate the Maoist movement in the place of, or in a way in continuation to OGH. A time period of five years was stipulated to eliminate the Maoist movement. The main points of ‘SAMADHAN’ that is presently
going on are –
1. Aggressive attacks instead of defensive methods, centralization of attacks on our guerrilla bases and strategic areas.
2. Aerial attacks and related mechanism.
3. Widen and strengthen intelligence through UAV, satellites, GPS, Thermal imaging, Infrared technology, CC TV Cameras and radars.
4. Unified Commands were formed until the district level that includes civil, police, Para-military and Air Force officers. Tactical Unified Commands also were formed.
5. Increased the number of state and local forces in combat operations, protection for road construction works and other such works through increase in area domination operations and ROP operations.
6. Take up evil propaganda in a large way branding us to be anti-development whenever we destroy the ‘development’ works such as communications-fiber optical network, Railway and electricity lines.
7. Take the support of Israel in counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations including import of ultra-modern, biotech arms and technology.
8. Sukma district was selected as the core area and special plan formulated. Two Battalions of COBRA were deployed.
9. Curb the financial resources in a bid to control Maoist activities.
‘SAMADHAN’ strategic offensive is meant to implement the agenda of formation of ‘new India’ by 2022, the 75th Anniversary of India’s ‘independence’. The ‘new India’ is nothing but the formation of Hindutva state. The Party explained ‘new India’ to the cadres and the people and formulated a concrete program to fight back ‘SAMADHAN’. Around 90 policemen were wiped out and 190 injured within one year of the offensive. One hundred of them were injured in the spike-holes prepared by the People’s Militia. PLGA seized 25–30 arms and various kinds of ammunition and other war material. There was a rise in people’s struggles in the areas of the movement apart from the other areas. The struggles include those against the aggressive CNT and SPT Acts in Jharkhand and the Land Acquisition Act. Petty bourgeois sections have been inevitably taking up struggles and the Party is trying to intervene in various forms in these struggles. The results are mainly positive in this period. The government claimed that it transformed 44 out of the 126 ‘Naxal-affected’ districts’ ‘Naxal-free’.
In 2019 PLGA held nearly 360 actions in the various guerilla zones and red resistance areas. It held nearly 70 actions on the enemy armed forces. There were around 130 encounters with the police, Para-military and Commando forces. 75 personnel of various forces were wiped out, 147 injured and 13 arms were seized. There was relative consolidation in this year. PLGA destroyed crores of rupees of comprador capitalist and government properties in 65 guerrilla actions together with the people. Struggle against the mining activities took an important place in this period. Attention was given to impart training in combat skills and technical skills of PLGA. United movement against Brahmanic Hindu fascism was initiated. Various programs were taken up to mobilise the people in the present political conditions by the party committees. A meeting of the Chief Ministers of Maoist influenced states in the leadership of the Central Home Minister formulated an Action Plan on 26th August 2019.
In this meeting it further planned to curb funds to the party, to contain the urban network, laying of more roads and cell towers in the areas of the movement, paying importance to the local youth in construction of roads, to private companies in the construction of cell towers, more banks, ATMs, post-offices to facilitate the tribal people use cash transaction, schools in ‘Ekalavya’ model. It was planned to encircle Maad a hilly area in Bastar of Chhattisgarh that is one of our strategic areas with 7 battalions. Utmost covert fascist repressive measures were also planned. The state governments also announced plans. The Chhattisgarh government announced the deceptive scheme to provide land certificates to people in Maad. The Telangana government announced recruitment of 18 thousand policemen.
In 2020 PLGA took up 99 guerrilla actions. The Minapa ambush in Chhattisgarh is the big action, 8 were medium kind actions and 90 small kind of actions. A unit of the Indian Army was sent in the guise of local forces for combing when PLGA made the attack. This was an answer to Operation ‘Prahar’ of the state government that is being taken up in phases.
In the past 20 years 2,958 armed personnel of the Indian state were wiped out and 3,507 were injured. 3,208 modern weapons of various kinds were seized from the enemy and 1,52,899 rounds of ammunition were seized. Due to OGH from 2009 to 2017 and the ongoing ‘SAMADHAN’ party, PLGA, Revolutionary Mass Organisations and Revolutionary People’s Committees were severely affected in the red resistance areas and the guerrilla zones. Several comrades starting from members of the Central Committee to the Village Party Committee and Cells, Commanders and fighters of PLGA of various ranks lost their lives in enemy attacks. Party and PLGA became weak with arrests, degeneration and betrayal. The main reason is the weakness in proper implementation of rules of guerrilla war and secret methods of work. In addition to it, there were shortcomings and weaknesses in formulating proper tactics of class struggle according to the changes in relations of production due to globalisation. This led to unfavorable aspects. Few guerrilla zones setback temporarily, some were affected or became weak. We had to retreat from a few or vacate totally.
On the occasion of 20th Anniversary of PLGA in 2020 (PLGA was formed on 2nd December 2000) the party gave a call to widen-intensify class struggle-guerrilla war in order to defeat the counter revolutionary ‘SAMADHAN’ and advance the revolutionary movement. The Party, PLGA and the organs of United Front were successful in defeating the ‘Prahar’ (Attack) campaign that the state announced in 2020 November that was to continue until 2021 June. Prahar included ten aspects. There are serious changes in the counter guerrilla war operations of the enemy armed forces. They are — encircling in two to three circles, attacking with artillery such as RPG and mortars and shelling of UBGLs. Presently there are more than 6 lakhs of police, Para-military and Commando forces in the areas of revolutionary movement. The state is making preparations for Prahar-3 in 2021 October. A meeting of Chief Ministers and state level Police officers was held in the leadership of the Central Home Minister on 26th September 2021 that discussed about special attention to suppress the Maoist movement.
The Party on the occasion of its 17th Anniversary called upon its cadres to build the Party strong and secret invincible to the enemy. It also called upon to intensify guerrilla war and class struggle and to defeat ‘SAMADHAN-Prahar’ offensive and advance the revolutionary movement. The people played vital role in the successes of People’s War.
Q: How much of India has been liberated by the Revolution, and is the Revolutionary Movement currently growing?
A: We have guerrilla zones with an aim of formation of base areas. Guerrilla zones have Guerrilla bases. Guerrilla bases are transitory nature. These guerrilla bases will constitute the focal points within the guerrilla zones for the development of a strong party, a strong people’s liberation army and united front, at the same time, creating favorable conditions for the establishment of liberated areas, expanding the political power in waves and quickening the tempo of the revolution. By intensifying the agrarian revolution in these bases land should be distributed on the bases of land to the tiller and cooperative movement among the people should be promoted for the development of agriculture. So the guerilla base is the embryonic form of the New Democratic state. Therefore the formation of the guerilla base means a significant advance in the process of building base area it will create a strong impact on the people in the areas around the guerilla base and will inspire them to participate in the people’s war more extensively.
The party is working with the objective to liberate Bihar-Jharkhand and Dandakaranya into liberated areas. There are Special Areas/Special Zones/States all over the country, the name differing in various states. There are ups and downs, twists and turns in the movement affected by the enemy offensive and subjective weaknesses. However, on the whole the party firmly believes that the Indian revolutionary movement is going forward with a clear objective of attaining people’s state power through accomplishing New Democratic Revolution possessed with the theory of Marxism-LeninismMaoism in the path of Protracted People’s War. The path is illumined with the sacrifices of the revolutionary people, activists, fighters and various levels of cadres of the Party, PLGA and the organs of the Strategic and Tactical United Front.
Q: Of course in the liberation zones, many policies have been instituted to serve the people. Could you describe what policies have been instituted, in healthcare and education for example?
A: Yes. Healthcare, education and all kinds of welfare activities for the people are taken up by the Revolutionary People’s Committees in the guerilla bases. The name is ‘Janatana Sarkar’ in Dandakaranya. In Bihar-Jharkhand the work was done by the Krantikari Kisan Committee (KKC) (Revolutionary Peasant’s Committee) and now RPCs are being built. The RPCs also take up land reforms. This I shall explain in the answer to your next question. RPC is the strategic united front of proletariat, peasantry, petty bourgeoisie and National bourgeoisie and has a policy paper. It has been working according to its policy paper.
The RPC has 9 departments, they are finance, defense, agriculture, health, education and cultural, judiciary, forest security and public relations. These departments and organizations look after health and provide the necessary treatment to people. The doctors from these departments go among the people daily to give treatment. The PLGA doctors train the RPC doctors and these in turn train those in the village level RPCs. They allot money for people’s health. The RPCs allot 20 percent of yearly budget for health. They also arrange to take serious patients to hospitals in the urban areas with financial and technical help of the higher level RPCs and the Party Committee. The doctors teach about cleanliness and take classes to impart scientific understanding about human body, diseases and way of treatment. They pay special attention to remove blind faiths among the people that still persist due to lack of even normal education for the past so many generations and also regarding women’s health. There is a lot of change when compared to the earlier time in the people’s view towards health. The health departments released books explaining general knowledge about health and Allopathic medicines. They also published books on herbal medicine with photos of the herbs. The doctors who are all tribal comrades are learning English to identify the names of Allopathic medicines.
Coming to education the Party allots special funds for this purpose. The RPCs are running schools at village level and also residential schools at panchayat level (constituting population between 500 to three thousand). It is interesting to know that the people are very keen to continue the schools in spite of heavy repression of the state. In such places the young ones are sent to stay in the village in the night and the older students and the teachers sleep in the forest. In the morning they make a reconnaissance in the surroundings and start the school only after clear message that there are no patrols around.
The RPCs are appointing some educated youth in the area as teachers and giving them a salary of Rs.2500–3000 Some teachers are full-time activists of the party. Staff members who are also part-timers and full-timers do cooking and do other things in the school. The students help them in fetching water, fire wood and so on. They also do the cleaning.
The concerned RPC looks after the material needed for the school such as uniform, slate, pencil, maps etc. It supplies vegetables and other food material grown in the collective farms of the RPC. The students also sow vegetables near the school ground. They collect food material on holidays.
The syllabus is framed, reviewed and improved by the Education Department Committee (EDC) of the DK Special Zonal Committee. The EDC prepared text books from Class 1 to 5. The students of the 1st and the 2nd classes are taught language (Gondi/Koya) and Mathematics. Hindi (language) and Social Science starts from the 3rd class. Education is taken up to the 8th standard with the help of the text books of the bourgeois government. The teachers of the schools of the RPC are trained in methods of teaching in workshops and training classes by the EDC. The schools are showing a good impact on the people of the area.
A cultural team is formed out of the students in every school. Attention is also paid on sports. The Chetna Natya Manch (CNM) trains them in singing and dancing.
Q: One issue of great importance for your revolution is genuine land reform. Could you explain what measures have been made to accomplish this?
A: The land question had been being addressed by the revolutionary movement since the inception of the two genuine communist revolutionary parties in 1969 that merged into the CPI (Maoist) in 2004. The party takes Agrarian Revolution as the axle of New Democratic Revolution and so it is keen on distributing land to the landless and the poor and to bring a change in the Relations of Production. The Revolutionary Mass Organisations in the leadership of the Party have been doing this and after its formation Revolutionary People’s Committees took up the task.
In the 80s decade we raised land issue in the agrarian revolution. In the initial stages people occupied forest lands, government lands, temple lands, and lastly the lands of landlords. Whenever, people occupied the lands of landlords, they organized private armies to massacre the leaders of the movement. The armed movement rooted out the private armies and dismantled the landlords from rural area. After that the state machinery directly entered into the fray, and continuing in suppressing the movement. Police, Para military, Special forces, special commando forces and some units of army are deploying in the struggling areas. Since then the revolutionary movement is facing with the counter-revolutionary onslaught. The land struggle took place in coastal region, Telangana, Rayalseema, regions of Andhrapradesh, Jahanabhad, Patna, Ara, Arwal, Hajaribhag, Palamu, Gaya, Aurangabad, Bopkaro of Bihar-Jharkhand and some parts of Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Orissa, Maharastra. The infamous cruel private armies were Ranveer sena, Sanlight sena, Kurmi sena, Lorik sena like that.
RPC is taking up ‘Land levelling Campaign’ since 2011. A report of this campaign would give a picture of the ongoing land reforms. In the beginning a detailed survey was conducted regarding land holding of the families in the villages in the RPC. The survey was based on the understanding provided in the document Strategy and Tactics of Indian Revolution. The third chapter of the document ‘Class analysis of the Indian society’ explains the character, condition and consciousness of the existing classes in the Indian society. Regarding peasants, it stated –
‘Generally the landless peasants, including the agricultural labourers do not have land and agricultural tools of their own. They live by either totally or mainly selling their labour power. The landless and poor peasants face not only economic exploitation but also social oppression as they come basically from backward castes, tribes and Dalits. Due to these extra-economic forms of coercion they live a life of, not only starvation, but also marginalization on the fringes of society. Most of the poor peasants own lands nominally or rent in small plots of land. Similarly some have meager agricultural tools. In addition to paying land rent and interest, they sell their own labour power and hence they are exploited in all these forms.
‘They constitute 65–70% of the rural population. Of all classes that are existing in Indian society, the poor and landless peasants are the basic motive forces and are the firmest ally of the proletariat.’
Revolutionary Mass Organisations propagated the political aspect of the campaign. Chetan Naty Manch released audio and video programs on the occasion that provided an understanding of the campaign to the people. All the party committees, PLGA units and organs of Revolutionary Mass Organisations take part along with the RPCs and the people in the campaign. The survey of the RPCs in the village level included the details of land holdings, agricultural implements, cattle to till and work force in each and every family. According to these details it assessed the class of the family –landless, poor, middle and rich peasant.
Workshops were held to discuss the survey reports in the area level (comprising of around 100–150 villages). The workshop examined the assessments and finalized the reports of the various RPCs of the area. It decided and allotted budget for each RPC. Initially the campaign was to provide land for the landless and also level the land with the objective to increase production. People do the work collectively according to the plan of the RPC. In a few RPCs people raise funds on their own for the campaign. Many landless families obtained land in this campaign.
After a few years the campaign constituted other works also such as laying of ponds to solve shortage of water and for irrigation and construction of houses. As years passed, some RPCs also laid bridges on the small but fast flowing brooks to facilitate free movement of the villagers especially to the weekly markets to get goods of daily needs.
Families of martyrs, those of political prisoners and those of full-time members of the Party and PLGA are helped in these yearly campaigns. The campaign is taken up from January and ends around mid-February. ‘Bhoomkal divas’ is celebrated with the fervor of the success of the campaign on 10th February. As per the decision of the Party the day is celebrated as that of people’s state power. The government and the police forces know of the campaign and try to disturb it. 80 Encounters took place almost all over the Dandakaranya Special Zone during the campaigns in which 50 members of the people’s militia, Mass organisations and ordinary people lost their lives and another 25 were injured. Hundreds were arrested. Therefore the RPCs arrange sentry and patrols around the villages for the protection of the people and to see that the campaign does not disturb. The RPC also engages its doctors to treat the people participating in the campaign.
In the past little above ten years, the campaign was taken up in 3,507 villages in 573 panchayats. 9,053 poor families, 3,219 middle peasants, 509 rich peasants were helped in cultivation. In addition to these families, 838 families of martyrs, 920 families of prisoners, 2,181 families of full-time PLGA members were helped. The total amounts to 33,440 families and 34,324 acres of land newly tilled, levelled or repaired.
It is true that much has to be done. The movement is facing ceaseless repressive campaigns of the state and the party and its two other magic weapons are finding ways to continue work among the people in various sectors.
Q: Another area of great importance for the Indian Revolution is the liberation of women. The late Comrade Anuradha Ghandy made significant contributions to this cause, and I would recommend our readers read her work, Philosophical Trends in the Feminist Movement. Would you explain how the Indian Revolution has advanced this cause?
A: Women are the most oppressed social section in the society. They are half of the society. They do most of the labor in the house and also in production mainly in agriculture. But they do not have rights in property, decision and children. Naturally this condition leads women to think about their liberation. As the revolutionary movement in the country gained strength the women of the oppressed classes namely the proletariat, peasants and the petty bourgeois are increasingly realising that this is the path for them to go forward. They are mobilized into mass organisations through which they develop consciousness of their emancipation. There are few woman comrades of the urban areas who got in touch with a Mass Organisation in the process of solving their personal problem, became active members of the organisation, learnt about revolution and armed struggle, understood that the emancipation of women can be attained only in the process of emancipation of the entire oppressed classes and joined the party. They are now in various levels of leadership.
Women possess enormous strength. Our Party and PLGA led many class struggles against the enemy including patriarchy and brought a change in the society to some extent. Our Party is making strenuous efforts to shed patriarchal values among the cadres in three fronts, the Party, the PLGA and UF organisation and explore the strength and creativity of women cadres.
Q: What is the position of the CPI (Maoist) on the issue of Kashmir?
A: The people of Kashmir have been struggling for their ‘independence’ since Gulab Singh Dogra came to power in Kashmir in 1846. The Dogra rule in Kashmir ended with the surrender of the King of Dogra Raja Hari Singh to the Indian Union in 1947. Kashmir unified in the Indian Union on 26th October 1947 with the agreement to ‘solve the problem through plebiscite’ and became part of the fascist rule of the Indian exploitive rulers.
When communal riots broke in Kashmir in 1947 October, nearly two and a half lakh Muslim people died and Raja Hari Singh fled to Jammu. Later the Indian rulers forged a letter with back date of appointment of the leader of National Conference Shek Abdullah as the Prime Minister of Kashmir and brought him to power. Elections were held in Kashmir in 1951 in which the National Conference was elected to 73 seats out of the 75 without contention. Shek Abdullah made an agreement with Nehru to provide special powers to Jammu-Kashmir. According to it the powers of the centre were limited in Kashmir.
Article 370 was formulated in the Constitution overnight to cool down the burning problem of Kashmir. The Article gave special status to Kashmir. They agreed that India shall not interfere except for foreign affairs, defense, currency and other such issues. According to this agreement the acts of the Indian Parliament do not apply to Kashmir. The leader of the state was provided the status of Prime Minister. They were provided self-rule authority to make their own acts. But none of them came into practice.
Finally Article 370 and also 35A was annulled and Kashmir was officially deprived special status. It was totally annexed into the Indian government. The Indian rulers have been drowning the nationality liberation struggle of the Kashmir people in blood and belittling it in the domestic and international forums as separatism, that the activists of Kashmir are instigated by Pakistan, that the movement is cross border terrorism and is disruptive. They are conspiring in many ways to demean the struggle of the people fighting for the survival of their nationality, for their right to separate and right to self-determination and to gain validity for their repressive measures.
Our party supports the movement of the Kashmir nationality. Our party makes it clear that in the ‘Indian People’s Democratic Republic’ that would be formed in the leadership of revolutionary proletariat all the nationalities of the country shall have the right to separate and right to self-determination, that they shall have proper solution for their problems and that the way for their permanent liberation shall be facilitated.
Q: Another issue facing India is the oppressive caste system. What is the CPI (Maoist)’s position on this issue, and how does it plan to resist this oppressive system?
A: Our Party treats the caste issue as one peculiar to Indian society. Our Party says that just as the people were divided into different classes, they were also divided into different castes and so, we should have a clear approach towards the issue generally as well as particularly. In our basic documents ‘Party Program’ and ‘Strategy and Tactics of Indian Revolution’ passed by the Unity Congress-Ninth Congress of our new Party in 2007, we clearly mentioned that we have to mobilise the people of Dalit and backward castes and also democratic forces in other castes and build a strong movement on this particular problem with the objective of New Democratic Revolution –
‘…The Caste system is not only a super-structural phenomena but it is also a part of the economic base. For this reason the destruction of the caste system, including the eradication of untouchability, together with a struggle against all manifestations of Brahmanism, is a necessary part of the NDR in the country. Casteism and Brahmanism are essentially elitist, hierarchical, and gives people a sense of superiority over other castes lower than theirs from very birth itself and all this is sanctified in the name of religion. It is also a deadly weapon with which to divide the oppressed masses. Such an elitist structure is ideal for any exploitative system.” (Strategy and Tactics, Page 6).
“Caste-based Brahmanical feudalism acts as fetter on the development of the productive forces by holding down the vast majority of the Indian people under backward relations of production. Economically, it keeps the overwhelming majority of the people in dire poverty and destitution, and depresses their purchasing power. It thereby, restricts the growth of the home market, retards industrial development and leads to massive unemployment and stagnation of the economy. Politically, it suppresses the democratic rights of the masses and in some places, even creates a ‘state within a state’ i.e. a parallel landlord raj in the rural areas with their own private armies or with the support of state-hired armed mercenaries. It keeps the peasantry in perpetual subjugation and bondage. Socially and ideologically, Brahmanism and the caste system bring an added oppression to the oppressed castes and Dalits. With Dalits it takes the inhuman form of untouchability. These also act as measures for extra-economic forms of extracting surplus by the feudal interests.” (Strategy and Tactics, Page 8).
“Casteism is used for derailing the actual struggles of the oppressed castes directed against imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucrat capitalism.” (Party Program, Page 8)
We took up many struggles against the class exploitation, oppression and domination of the landlord and the hierarchical forces and against the social untouchability, atrocities, suppression and physical attacks in the rural areas of many states in the country. When the landlord hierarchical oppressor caste chauvinist forces massacred Dalits in Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra we stood very firmly on behalf of the victims and took up largescale propaganda and protest activities exposing these cruelties. We wiped out such reactionary forces in places like Lakshmanpur Bathe, Senari, Dalil Chowk-Bhagoura, and Karamchedu. In Bihar, starting from the end of the 1970s until the last decade evil landlord caste hierarchical forces formed Brahmarshi Sena, Bhoomi Sena, Savarna Liberation Front, Sunlight Sena, Ranaveer Sena and other such armies with the support of the leaders of the political parties of the exploitative classes and the state-administration and made medieval-type massacres and innumerous atrocities on the people of the Dalit and other oppressed classes and oppressed castes with the objective of eliminating the revolutionary movement. The oppressed people armed under the leadership of the Party suppressed these armies and the leaders one by one and only thus the revolutionary movement advanced.
One great achievement is that the oppressed people of the Dalit, backward castes and adivasis trained in class struggle and their leadership increased not only in the village-level Mass Organisations, Revolutionary People’s Committees, Party, People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army but also at the state and the central level.
Anyhow, our experience proves that our attempts are not enough as per the structure of the problem. The various class organisations and sectional organisations in the leadership of our Party will politically mobilise the people of the Dalit and other oppressed castes, democratic classes and sections and build movements against caste oppression with the objective of annihilation of caste. In view of the extent and impact of the present movement we have to make efforts to develop the struggles on this issue to a higher level. We have to coordinate these struggles with Agrarian Revolutionary Struggle and Anti-Imperialist struggles and take it up in an effective manner. Our class organisations must coordinate their activities with the various special organisations and forums of United Front working on this issue.
Q: One group of people who have formed a backbone of the Indian Revolutionary movement are the Adivasis. Could you explain their role in the Indian Revolution, both historically and presently?
A: India has a great history of anti-British tribal struggles. The tribal people all over the country revolted against the loot and plunder of the British imperialists. To mention some of them, the Santhal revolt in the then Bengal presidency (that now falls in the state of Jharkhand), Munda revolt of the present Jharkhand, Paralkot, Bhoomkal revolts of Bastar in the present Chhattisgarh, the revolt in Gadchiroli of Maharashtra, the Manyam Pituri of Andhra Pradesh shook the British rule although for a short time. Apart from the international economic and political situation, the tribal revolts considerably forced the British to leave the country. While the feudal comprador class of the country collaborated with the British and agreed to take up power on their behalf, the tribal and peasant population continued militant struggles.
The tradition continued in the rule of the comprador bureaucratic bourgeois class of the country. There were certain tribal revolts after transfer of power from the British to the Indian compradors in 1947. The revisionist CPI and CPI (Marxist) shed the genuine path of revolution and deceived the people of the country. The Naxalbari Armed Peasant struggle divorced from the revisionist path gave it a big blow and showed the path of Indian Revolution. Since the formation of genuine Communist parties after the struggle the tribal revolts are going on not as mere tribal revolts but as part of Maoist Protracted People’s War.
The ongoing struggles of the tribal people mainly include those for jal-junglezameen-ijjat-adhikar (meaning water-forest-land-respect-power) and against displacement. The tribal people and their ally classes, the workers, peasants, petty bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie are very clear that anti-displacement struggles are not just struggles for survival and identity and that they are part of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal, anti-comprador bureaucratic bourgeois class struggle of the country.
The tribal people of the guerrilla zones of the country are organized in the PPW in the Party, People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA), Revolutionary Mass Organisations, Revolutionary People’s Committees, People’s Militia and other such organs. As you said they are the backbone since strategically the Party makes preparations for seizure of power from the relatively backward forest areas.
Q: Lastly, what is the CPI (Maoist)’s advice for the international proletariat, and how can friends of the Indian people’s war abroad support it?
A: You can support the Indian revolutionary movement by intensifying revolutionary movements in your countries and directly raise your voice in support of Indian movement. People’s livelihood was suffocated all through the world in the second wave of Corona pandemic. Official statistics show above 44 lakh deaths all over the world and above 4 lakhs in India. Scientists warn the world about the possibility of third wave and other forms of COVID. Instead of providing the necessary facilities of health the imperialists and their comprador rulers utilize this severe calamity to increase their wealth. Lockdowns rose economic and financial crisis of the capitalist order.
Cutting the wages, abolishing other benefits cut in other benefits, rising prices and other such anti-people, anti-worker measures are being taken up as a part of weighing the crisis on the shoulders of the farmers and middle classes. This is making the lives of ordinary people including the workers miserable. There is manifold increase in the wealth of the capitalists.
There are militant demonstrations and agitations of workers and the middle class in European countries including France and Germany and also in the US this year. There are protest demonstrations and various forms of agitations in Iraq, Kampuchea, Peru, Chile, Lebanon, Ecuador, India, Pakistan and other countries. Women and youth are increasingly participating in these demonstrations. The people are mounting with anger due to lack of employment, education, health and other such basic facilities, high prices, GDP growth rate without employment, destruction of environment and other such things.
The fundamental contradictions in the world are intensifying in an unprecedented manner. This is leading to the intensification of people’s struggles. The direction of these demonstrations and agitations all over the world against the corporate exploitation and the difference between the rich and the poor is undoubted towards the alternate economic order.
In such conditions the proletariat of all the countries need to strengthen unity and make steadfast struggle against imperialism with the objective to liberate their own countries, work towards the construction of Socialism to achieve Communism in the whole world.
★ Release all imprisoned in the Bhima Koregaon forgery case.
★ Release all political prisoners.
★ Withdraw UAPA.
★ Break the shackles of Brahmanism.
★ Line up in the anti-caste struggle.
★ Strengthen unity and struggle against Brahminical-Hindutva fascism.
PEOPLE’S FRONT AGAINST HINDUTVA FASCISM- KERALA
Press Release November 27th2021
Kobad Ghandy wrote a book named ‘fractured freedom a prison memoir’ and released it to the
public in 2021 after his release in 2019 from prison. Through this book, it is understood that he was
completely separated from Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. While in prison, in 2010, he released six articles
like “question of freedom, people’s emancipation’ which expressed humanitarianism, idealism that are in
essence bourgeoisie and ruling class ideology. ‘Mainstream’ magazine published those articles. Those
thoughts re-emerged in a crystallized form in the fractured freedom book. Sitting under the trees of jail
premises, Kobad reviewed his practice, he came to conclusion that first of all there should be an
environment of freedom, new set of values and universal happiness. He also stated that these three
aspects of life that have to be woven into any project for change that did not reflect in his 40 year
revolutionary life, so put this as goal post before going to change the world. He is also saying that the
essence should be grasped from bourgeoisie moral stories. In this way, by selecting idealist path he is
dishonestly saying that there is no happiness and freedom in the Marxist way of practice that is why,
Marxism is failed in reaching its target. He is wrongly explaining and commenting on Marxism-Leninism-
Maoism. Marxism is telling that correct ideas should be generated through class struggle, production and
scientific research in society. Karl Marx quoted in Capital that the man should develop his dormant
potentialities and take into control the inner potentialities through the process of changing the external
world; by this process only he can also change his nature (thought). We can’t achieve a change in the
thoughts of man without applying a revolutionary action for the change of external world. The Kobad’s
mysticism is only related to the feudal and bourgeoisie ideology but it has no relation to Marxism which is
more scientific in philosophical aspect. Kobad abandoned the dialectical and historical materialism,
principles of Marxism and class struggle, but he selected the way of getting happiness through mysticism.
Mr. Kobad Ghandy followed Naxalbari politics more than 40 years and continued CC member of the
CPI(ML) Peoples War and acted as Maharashtra State Committee Leader and latter continued Polit Bureau
member of CPI(Maoist) until his arrest. In 2009, he was arrested; right from his arrest he was telling that he
was not a Maoist. So many times he told in press meets that police clamped concocted cases upon him. He
categorically stated that, was not a Maoist. Being a member of the highest committee of the revolutionary
party, he told untruth immediately after his arrest. He had lost integrity and trying to satisfy the ruling
classes. What will be the message to be given to the society? What value it has?
After releasing from jail he did not contact the party, without discussing the party and violating the
party constitution, democratic centralism and ideological principles, he wrote and released the book. This
is all displaying the anarchist tendencies in Kobad Ghandy. By this book he is trying to inculcate pessimism
in the revolutionary camp and false allegations against the Maoist party. When the fascist Modi
government is trying hard to root out the revolutionary movement until 2022 by intensifying the
Samadhan-Prahar military campaign, Kobad released his book in the service of ruling class. He explained in
the book that he had good companion with criminal world and jail authorities and had comfortable life in
prison. Without shame, he openly praised the criminal gangs and jail authorities. He falsely alleged that the
Maoists had close links with mafia and often led them in jail. But since the Naxalbari period, the Naxalites
form a revolutionary tradition and lead so many struggles for the cause of prisoners’ rights in particular
and revolution in general with sacrifices. Mr.Kobad made filthy allegations against the party in prison, he
didn’t raise his voice against the jail authorities for the cause of prisoners. Besides that, he got individual
facilities from the authorities. He has no right to speak against Maoist prisoners. In addition to that, he is
propagating that the party has no support from people, the party is roving rebels. This is nothing but
joining his voice with ruling class propaganda.
Kobad criticized Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and its political practice in his book. What was the
reason of defeat in the struggle for socialism at the time of Marx, Lenin, Stalin and Mao? What were the
reasons behind the failure of Cultural Revolution after Mao’s death? He raised these questions and he said
that in the Marx’s writings the humanitarian principles were present, but these were absent in the
practical movements in the later periods. He didn’t give importance to the humanitarian values in the
socialist states formed in the leadership of Lenin, Stalin and Mao. He also said that economic determinism
had played dominance in those movements, in this way dictatorship displaced the democratic centralism in
the communist parties. Because of this, socialism was failed, these are the arguments posed by Kobad in
his book. He is distorting history that the revolutions didn’t success in peace period and succeed only in
world war period. The influence of power and money should be minimized in communist society. Marxism
explained the way for the attainment of that. Despite that, money and power are the main problems in the
society and these are creating so many deviations. By saying that, Kobad is trying to divert the people from
the way of attaining state power through struggle path. In this way he is opposing fundamental principles
of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. The ideological and political struggle between MLM and bourgeoisie
ideology has been going on for the last 175 years. MLM achieved so many successes and gained rich
experiences in the field of ideological political struggle. Those victories are useful for the proletariat and
oppressed people. Mr. Kobad is denying all these victories and trying to betray the oppressed people and
He is questioning that what has achieved the communist party since its formation, what is the
reason for the setback of the revolutionary movement in India? The revolutionary parties without research
saying with determinism the revolution will succeed. He is questioning they are not recognizing the
changes that took place in the working class. He is also said that the party reduced the caste problem into
class issue. He is criticizing that the communists are saying that the caste will be disappeared through
industrialization. The Maoist party had been originated in the struggle against revisionism and established
as a true revolutionary party in the country. The party is making documents by analyzing concrete
conditions in a scientific way and also enriching these documents according to the changes that took place.
We can find the answers in these documents for the questions raised by Kobad Ghandy. As a member of
the party’s leading committee, participating in the discussions at the time of framing documents and
willfully concealing the facts with false allegations is nothing but a bankruptcy on the part of Kobad.
By rejecting the revolutionary politics, he has stepped into the mire of bourgeoisie idealism. He
belongs to the upper middle class family. He came into the party from the national bourgeoisie class. He
grownup in the corporate world. He studied in Doon school. He studied in Landon for some time. He was
influenced by the Naxalbari movement, and ultimately joined in the revolutionary movement. He emerged
as a one of the leading member in the Maharashtra movement. He was studied Marxism-Leninism in the
library in Landon, where Karl Marx had studied. But he failed in applying the theory to the concrete
conditions. So he argued dogmatically against dialectical materialism. It reflected in left adventurist
tendency in words and right opportunism in practice. These deviations are leading to form groups in the
party. The party is tried to rectify the Kobad through the internal struggles. But he was not come out of the
wrong deviations. When the ruling classes intensified the repression with the formation of CPI(Maoist),
and ultimately after his arrest these wrong deviations reflected in his writings. Every person, to rectify
himself, should have to participate directly in the class struggle, peoples war and studying the concrete
conditions. Through this method the dogmatic wrong tendencies of subjective thinking should be
transformed. Mr.Kobad gave least importance to this, in his four decades revolutionary life. He is an
introvert as he was said. He did not show interest in discussions with other comrades and not tried to
enrich the practical knowledge. He didn’t transform his revolutionary life in accordance with the
proletarian ideology. He could not analyze the difficulties and setbacks that bound to in the revolutionary
movement in the long history of the movement. He came into the pessimism and estimating the party
mistakes in a one sided way and getting irritate etc. In this way, so many times these tendencies reflected
in his revolutionary life as these are the reflections of petty bourgeoisie false prestige. Lastly, he himself
made scapegoat for this wrong tendency and became the opponent of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism.
In this way, in prison life and after his release here turned back to corporate world. After 40 years,
he went back to the rotten semi feudal-semi colonial system of society. He is saying that this ‘return’ is a
great happening. He felt suffered in the revolutionary movement because there is no creativity as he
described. He is telling proudly that the corporate world will give dynamism to his thoughts. So it is true
that a stone that fell from a top of a hill can travel to the lowest point of distance. The opinions brought
forth by Kobad are not new. Mr.Kobad Joined with those Marxists like Bernstein and Dangay that were
agreeing marxism in words and opposing main principles of Marxism in deeds. So the central committee is
expelling Kobad Ghandy from the party according to the party constitution for his anti party activities of
reviving MLM, false propaganda against party, combining his voice with the ruling classes, promoting class
collaborationist theory instead of class struggle, seriously violating the party discipline and became
We are appealing to the revolutionary people, sympathizers, democrats and intellectuals condemn
and refute the anti revolutionary opportunistic and ruling class ideology of Kobad Ghandy. We are
appealing to the file and rank of the party expose and refute the Kobad Ghandy’s propositions and theories
that merged with the ruling class ideology who lost the revolutionary spirit. Kobad is not the first person
who returns back to rotten system with selfish ends. In previous occasions also, the revolutionary
movements advanced by overcoming these hindrances. Our party, in the working class leadership by
organizing the people with an aim to establish communist society will advance step by step to the final
Note: We will soon release an answer to the Kobad’s ‘fractured freedom a jail memoir’.
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)
November 19 2021
Red Salutes to Comrade Deepak da, Com.Mahesh, Com.Lokesh, Com. Dileep and others who fought courageously in Mardhitola Forest in Gadchiroli District of Maharastra!
Make success the Band in the Central Region on November 27″in Memory of these people’s fighters!
November 13th 2021, is a most sorrowful day ih the revolutionary history of Gadchiroli District of Maharastra. On that day, the most dreadful encounter took place on Maharastra Chattisgarh border area of Danora tehsiI within the limits of Garapatti PS of Mardhitola forest, in which Comrade Deepak (Milind Bapurao Teitumde), a beloved leader, our Central Committee member including 26 Comrades martyred in that fight. The Central Committee is paving red homage with great respect to those beloved leaders and warriors who sacrified their lives for the cause of people, We are taking pledge that the fighting shall continue up to the last with dedication and determination. We are sending condolence and sharing the gloom with the friends and family members of Milind Teltumde and other comrades. We also appealing to friends and family members who are in deep sorrow should emulate spirit from those martyrs and stand with courage and carry forward the ideals.
In 1966, Comrade Milind Teltumde was born iti Rajoor village of Vani tehcil of Yavatamaal District in Maharastra. He was born as a 7th child of Mr.Bapurao and Anasuya who were poor workers. After completion of his high school education, he took fitter training in ITI First he worked in Ballarpur Paper mill. after that, he worked western coal fields. During that period, he emerged as a trade union leader through salving workers problems by some militant struggles. In that way, in 1982 he came close contact with CPI(ML) Peoples War. He became professional revolutionary in 1992 and strengthened with revolutionary politics. In 2000 he was elected as a state committee member in the conference, after having rich experience in trade union movement, he organized Workers, Students and Youth meticulously in towns which are the strong holds of the enemy. in the period of 2005. he played a key role in developing Chandrapur as a strong base for Workers, Students and Youth movements. in 2008 he transferred to rural area (guerilla zone) with another responsibility. Between 2008-2021, he led the Indian revolutionary movement with additional responsibilities.
He organized the adivasi people with revolutionary politics and developed the mass movement in Korchi tehcil against government sponsored mining in Agri, Maseli of Gadchiroli District and demanding the peoples power on water, forest and land. He played key role in developing a Mass movement against a project planned by the government miffing in 40 thousand acres in 25 different places of Gadchiroli district: Due to some other reasons the movement weakened after 2010.
In 2013, Comrade Milind Teltumde was elected into Central Committee. in 2016 he took the responsibility of reviving the Maharastra movement by giving direct guidance to the newly formed MMC with utmost care. In 2021, he attended the Central Committee meet, and played active role in finalizing documents. He played a key rote in correcting the concept about the positive role of Baba Saheb Ambedker in annihilation of Caste, The Hindutva fascist forces led by Narendra Modi-Amith Shaw clique, for the last four years propagating maliciously against Anand Teltumde a great intellectual and Deepak’s elder brother. The fascist Modi government clamped false cases of concocted stories like conspiracy to murder Narendra Modi and to create clashes in Bhema Koregoan like that. The fascist forces since 2014 attacking the culture and traditions of Dalits, Adivasis and minorities. Prominent intellectuals like Anand Teltumde and others stood in favor of these poor people, because of that so many prominent persons including the Anand Teltumde were kept in jail. In the same way these brutal killer gangs targeting Milind Teltumde, the real Hero for the cause of working class, Dalits and down trodden people, has been targeting Since 2014. On the direction these killer gangs, on November 13 the mercenaries attacked upon our comrades with sophisticated weapons, which lasted 10 hours and finally, the Indian revolution lost beloved leader and warriors. Comrade Milind Teltumde, as a vanguard of Indian proletariat fought for the cause of people with great dedication and Sacrified his life for the liberation of this country. For the last 8 years Com.Bagath gave protection with highest caliber and Com.Yogitha who helped grately to Com.Milind in computer work were also sacrified their lives for cause of people.
Comrade Milind had experience of different fields and a senior warrior, today it is more necessary to fight against the Brahmanical Hindutva fascist forces who are selling the country to the imperialists and unleashing terror on the people. It is also necessary to unite working class, Peasants, Students, Dalit and Adivasis Organizationally. Politically, Culturally and Militarily. In present conditions, the Indian revolution is demanding Comrade Milind like warriors from the youth, Students and working class. He was beloved leader of the cadre and people which had immense confidence upon cadre and people. Once again we are taking pledge will bring so many Milinds from Dalits. Workers and Students, for that we should strive hard with great courage.
All the Comrades who accompanied and protected the Comrade Milind upto last and sacrified their precious lives for the cause of revolution which all those guerilla fighters are memorable. The company commander Comrade Mahesh, Company party Committee member Com, Dileep, Kasansoor squad Commander Com.Sannu, Platoon Party Committee member Com.Pramod, Korchi squad Commander Com.Kishanu action team members Com.Prakash (Bandu), Company members Kosa Lachu were martyred in this incident. Hundreds of Commando forces with so many batches surrounded the red fighters. Despite that our Comrades without losing courage and confidence gave a bitter fight and injured some Commandos. By doing that, they became ideal revolutionaries for the next generation. The Central Committee paying red homage with care and attention to those heroes their sacrifices are not futile. We are taking pledge with enhanced consciousness striving hard to fulfill those ideals.
The blood thirsty and war mongering fascist ruling classes with the help of imperialists are increasing the repression year by year on our movement and people. Recently in September they made cruel genocidal plan the name of Prahar-3 to implement in the Maoist movement areas. But for the last 50 years the revolutionary movement is advancing and giving confidence in the minds of people by countering so many barbarious genocidal operations. Our leadership, Cadre, revolutionary organizations enriched with great experience stood firm in this struggle. Now, the occasion demanding more determination, more courage to counter and defeat Brahmanical Hindutva fascist forces. Today, our beloved Central Committee Comrades Ramanna, Chintan da, Haribushan, Amber da, Saketh and Milind Teltumde who got rich versatile experience in the movement are no more. But we got their experience, their ideals, sacrifices as a revolutionary heredity in our movement, these things shall give a new way to advance. in spite of having so many hindrances, setbacks and difficulties, it will instill confidence and glitter the revolutionary way to the final victory. The people definitely join the glittering revolutionary way and advance up to the last. So, the Central Committee is calling the entire revolutionary camp will stand firmly courageously and advance joining with new forces and fight dynamic with enhanced energy.
Let us fight bitterly. People are victorious.
Make success the Band on November 27th in memory of Mardhitola martyrs in the Central region (Maharastra, Chattisgarh, Telangana, Andhrapradesh, Odissa).
Revolutionary Mass fronts party units, PLGA units, will join with the Masses, make rallies and uphold the ideals of martyrs.
Long live CPI (Maoist)!
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)
16 November 2021
Condemn seriously the arrest of Comrade Kisan da (Prashanth Bose) Political Bureau Member, ERB in-charge and Sheela Marandi a CC Member!
Demand immediate release and arrange better treatment!
Our Central Committee seriously condemning arrest of Com.Kisan da (Prashanth Bose) and Sheela Marandi, a CC member on November 11 in Saraikela town of Jharkhand. Com Kisan da at the age of 76, Was arrested when he taking treatement for prostrate, diabetes. eye problems etc.
These arrests Were in the part of the barbarious genocidal ‘Samadhan-Prahar’ military campaigns with an aim to transform the India into Brahmanicai Hindutva fascist by suppressing Indian revolutionary movement. Our Comrades have been arrested by the cruel intelligence wings extended jn the part of this genocidal Prahar Campaign. Com.Kisan da and Sheeia Marandj were joined in the Indian revolution and became life partners and stood firm in the Ongoing revolutionary movement that is fighting against imperialists, Comprador bureaucratic bourgeois and feudal class exploitation and oppression. They organized different sections of people like Dalit, Adivasi, Peasants, Workers Women and Minorities into the movement and solving their problems.
İn 1966-67 Comrade Kisan da in his student days at the time of Naxaibari upsurge he joined revolutionary movement. He led the working class movement in Kolkata. He went to Assam to build the movement when he was In Dakshin Desh. After some time he took the responsibility in Bihar and Jharkhand and continued up to his arrest. At that time he became general secretary of MCCI, He continued in that responsibility until CPI(Maoist) formation. He was a dedicated and hard working cadre and leader. He held the high banner of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the red banner of proletarian internationalism. He played key role in so many occasions.
Comrade Sheela dee was born in a Poor adivasi Familv. She joined the revolution and developed into a CC member step by step. She played key role in the women movement in Jharkhand. She was in jail from 2006-2015.
In previous occasion the government conspired and killed the Comrade Varun da (Sushil Roy) a Political bureau member kept him in jail without proper treatment until his demise. Now the government is also will keep these comrades without proper treatment in jail, because, the Brahamanical Hindutva fascist forces are nakedly serving the imperialism and unleashing the terror on people, revolutionary movement, Intellectuals, Democrats and all sections of people. So we are appealing People. Nationalities, Working class Trade unions, progressive forces. patriots and human rights organizations of India and abroad to rise your Voice against this brutal inhumanity. Demand better treatment with the supervision of specialist doctors and arrange all facilities as political prisoners. Comrade Kisan da and Sheeia de should be released on age and health grounds. With the help of their family and friends they will attend to the court.
Spokesperson Central Committee